Annual Report to Parliament 2004-2005

MARINE

Occurrence Statistics and Investigations

ANNUAL STATISTICS

Four-hundred and ninety-one marine accidents were reported to the TSB in 2004, a 10% decrease from the 2003 total of 547 and an 8% decrease from the 1999-2003 average of 536. Marine fatalities totalled 28 in 2004, up from 17 in 2003 but equal to the 1999-2003 average.

Shipping accidents, which comprised 90% of marine accidents, reached a 29-year low of 441 in 2004, down from 481 in 2003 and the five-year average of 475. Half of all vessels involved in shipping accidents were fishing vessels. Accidents to persons aboard ship, which include falls, electrocution and other types of injuries requiring hospitalization, totalled 50 in 2004, a 24% decrease from the 2003 total of 66 and an 18% decrease from the five-year average of 61.

Marine activity for Canadian commercial non-fishing vessels increased by 8% from the 1999-2003 average, resulting in a 3% decrease in the accident rate from 3.1 to 3.0 accidents per 1000 movements.

Although marine activity for foreign commercial non-fishing vessels remained relatively unchanged compared to the 1999-2003 average, accidents decreased, yielding a 26% reduction in the accident rate from 1.9 to 1.4 accidents per 1000 movements. In 2004, shipping accidents resulted in 22 fatalities, up from 9 in 2003 and the five-year average of 15. Accidents aboard ship resulted in 6 fatalities, down from 8 in 2003 and the five-year average of 13.

Twenty-one vessels were reported lost in 2004, down from 38 in 2003 and the five-year average of 41.

In 2004, 246 marine incidents were reported in accordance with TSB mandatory reporting requirements. This represents a 10% increase from the 2003 total of 223 and a 16% increase from the five-year average of 212. This increase consisted mainly of mechanical failures and close-quarters situations.

Figure 5 - MARINE OCCURRENCES AND FATALITIES

Figure 5 - Marine Occurrences and Fatalities

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MARINE INVESTIGATIONS STARTED IN 2004-2005

The following information is preliminary. Final determination of events is subject to the TSB's full investigation.

DATE LOCATION VESSEL(S) TYPE EVENT OCURRENCE NO.
2004.04.27   Sorel, Que. Catherine-Legardeur Ferry Grounding M04L0050
2004.06.17 10 nm off Natashquan, Que. Persistence I Fishing Taking water M04L0065
2004.06.21 Magog River, Sherbrooke, Que. (no name) Raft Capsizing M04L0066
2004.07.10 St. Clair River, Michigan, USA Evans McKeil Tug Striking M04F0016
2004.07.24 Off Île de Grâce, Que. Horizon Container Grounding M04L0092
2004.07.27 Alexandria Bay, New York, USA Salvor
KTC 115
Tug Barge Grounding M04F0017
2004.08.11 Saint-Nicolas, Que. Canada Senator Mondisy Container Pleasure craft Collision M04L0099
2004.08.14 Bay of Quinte, St. Lawrence River, Ont. Elmer H
(no name)
(no name)
Tug Barge Pleasure craft Collision M04C0043
2004.08.15 Iroquois Lock, St. Lawrence Seaway, Ont. Federal Maas Bulk carrier Striking M04C0037
2004.08.24 Île-aux-Coudres, Que. Famille Dufour II Passenger catamaran Striking M04L0105
2004.09.11 Off Amherstburg, Ont. Karen Andrie
A397
Tug
Barge
Striking M04C0044
2004.09.19 Off Cape Bonavista, N.L. Ryan's Commander Fishing Foundering and grounding M04N0086
2004.10.29 Kyuquot Sound, B.C. Prospect Point Fishing Capsizing M04W0225
2004.11.06 Georgia Strait, B.C. Manson
M.B.D. No.32
McKenzie
Tug
Barge
Barge
Sinking M04W0235
2004.12.10 Off Payette Island, Georgian Bay, Ont. (no name) Workboat Capsizing M04C0090
2005.03.29 Off Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Que. Justin M Fishing Sinking M05L0036

MARINE REPORTS RELEASED IN 2004-2005

DATE LOCATION VESSEL(S) TYPE EVENT REPORT NO.
2000.05.18 Lac Saint-François, St. Lawrence Seaway, Que. Sunny Blossom Chemical tanker Grounding M00C0019
2000.10.03 Liverpool, N.S. Keta V Tug Grounding M00M0106
2001.05.14 Goderich, Ont. Canadian Transfer Self-unloading bulk carrier Bottom contact M01C0019
2001.06.15 Lake Winnipeg, Man. Shannon Dawn
Rachel M
Fishing
Fishing
Swamping and capsizing M01C0029
2001.08.22 Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. PML 2501
Coral Trader
Barge
Chemical tanker
Striking M01C0059
2001.09.02 Niagara River Gorge, Ont. Saute Moutons 14 Water jet boat Persons overboard M01C0063
2001.10.26 Queen Charlotte Sound, B.C. Kella-Lee Fishing Foundering M01W0253
2002.03.17 Belle Isle, N.L., 76 nm ENE Katsheshuk Fishing Fire and sinking M02N0007
2002.04.01 Sechelt Rapids near Egmont, B.C. Deep Water Small open boat Capsizing M02W0049
2002.04.21 Off Broder Island, St. Lawrence Seaway, Ont. Progress Pitts
Carillon
Tug
Barge
Striking M02C0011
2002.05.15 Anstruther Lake, Ont. (no name) Workboat Foundering M02C0018
2002.05.22 Off Île de Grâce, Que. Vaasaborg General cargo Grounding M02L0039
2002.06.11 Atrevida Reef, Malaspina Strait, B.C. Bruce Brown Log salvage Capsizing M02W0089
2002.06.23 Ottawa River, Gatineau, Que. Lady Duck Amphibious passenger vehicle Sinking M02C0030
2002.07.08 Near Kelsey Bay, B.C. Fritzi-Ann Fishing Capsizing M02W0102
2002.07.16 Near Verchères, St. Lawrence River, Que. Kent Bulk carrier Crew member lost overboard M02L0061
2003.02.26 Off Batiscan, St. Lawrence River, Que. Great Century Bulk carrier Grounding M03L0026
2003.04.15 Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. Emerald Star Tanker Grounding M03C0016
2003.05.03 Approaches to Halifax Harbour, N.S. Shinei Maru No. 85 Fishing Grounding M03M0040
2003.09.29 Off Anticosti Island, Que. Evan Richard Fishing Downflooding and grounding M03L0124
2003.11.08 Fraser River, B.C. Cielo Del Canada Container Grounding M03W0237

MARINE RECOMMENDATIONS ISSUED IN 2004-2005

Ottawa River, Quebec - 23 June 2002
Sinking and Loss of Life - Passenger Vehicle Lady Duck
Report No. M02C0030
RECOMMENDATION RESPONSE BOARD ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSE SAFETY ACTION TAKEN
M04-01
The Department of Transport take steps to ensure that small passenger vessel enterprises have a safety management system. TC agrees with the intent of the recommendation. TC is reviewing the feasibility of implementing safety management systems for operators of Canadian domestic vessels and is supporting the voluntary adoption of such systems by domestic operators. Satisfactory intent The review is scheduled to be completed by mid-2005. If the results indicate that safety management systems are warranted and feasible for any given sector of the domestic marine industry, TC will in consultation with industry, determine the best approach to effectively implement such regulatory requirements.
M04-02
The Department of Transport expedite the development of a regulatory framework that is easily understood and applicable to all small passenger vessels and their operation. TC agrees with the intent of the recommendation. The new Canada Shipping Act 2001 and associated regulations are scheduled to come into force by the end of 2006. Several measures were taken by TC to facilitate the comprehension and application, by owners and operators, of small passenger vessel safety requirements; however, they had already been taken into consideration by the Board when its recommendation was issued. Unsatisfactory There is no indication that the development of a regulatory framework that is easily understood and applicable to all small passenger vessels and their operation will be expedited earlier than 2006.
M04-03
The Department of Transport ensure that small passenger vessels incorporate sufficient inherent buoyancy and/or other design features to permit safe, timely and unimpeded evacuation of passengers and crew in the event of an emergency. TC agrees with the intent of the recommendation. TC commissioned a study on the design, construction and operation of the amphibious vehicles operating in Canada. TC will continue to promote and enforce existing requirements that aim to equip passengers and crew to respond quickly and effectively to emergencies. Satisfactory intent A February 2005 draft report of the study included 13 recommended ways to enhance the safety of amphibious vehicles. TC is examining the report and will share it with Canadian amphibious vessel operators to discuss and consider any future requirements.
M04-04
The National Search and Rescue Secretariat, in collaboration with local authorities and organizations, promote the establishment of a system to monitor distress calls and to effectively coordinate Search and Rescue responses to vessel emergency situations on the Ottawa River between Ottawa and Carillon. NSS accepts and concurs with the recommendation. NSS will pursue meetings with the relevant authorities to implement the recommendation. Satisfactory in part A working group has been set up by NSS and meetings held with other authorities to review the monitoring of distress calls. However, the coordination of search and rescue has yet to be addressed.

ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSES TO MARINE RECOMMENDATIONS ISSUED IN 2003-2004

Allanburg, Ontario - 11 August 2001
Fire on Board at Bridge 11 -
Bulk Carrier Windoc
Report No. M01C0054
RECOMMENDATION RESPONSE BOARD ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSE SAFETY ACTION TAKEN
M02-04
The Department of Transport ensure that overall preparedness is appropriate for responding to vessel-related emergencies within the Seaway. The Board is waiting for further follow-up information from TC concerning the response. Pending To be reported next fiscal year
Bruce Mines Wharf, Georgian Bay, Ontario -
1 June 2000 Structural Failure -
Bulk Carrier Algowood
Report No. M00C0026
RECOMMENDATION RESPONSE BOARD ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSE SAFETY ACTION TAKEN
M03-01
The Department of Transport require that masters on all Canadian bulk carriers of 150 m in length and over have continuous access to on-board or company shore-based hull stress monitoring systems to help ensure that maximum allowable hull girder stresses are not exceeded. TC is in the process of developing new "Cargo Regulations" that are intended to address operational requirements including cargo/ballasting - loading and distribution for bulk carrier vessels operating both domestically and internationally. TC intends to introduce provisions requiring that, prior to loading a bulk carrier, the master be in possession of comprehensive information on the vessel's stability and on the distribution of cargo for the standard loading conditions. Satisfactory intent TC indicated that further consultations with the industry have to be undertaken. Although draft new Cargo Regulations do not specifically require masters to have continuous access to a monitoring system, TC anticipates that the proposed requirements for more careful tracking of loading operations will lead to the need for fitting of loading instruments.
Off Havre-Saint-Pierre, Quebec -
29 September 2001
Major Water Ingress -
Scallop Dragger Alex B.1
Report No. M01L0112
RECOMMENDATION RESPONSE BOARD ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSE SAFETY ACTION TAKEN
M03-02
Transport Canada, in coordination with Fisheries and Oceans Canada, fisher associations and training institutions, develop a national strategy for establishing, maintaining and promoting a safety culture within the fishing industry. TC indicated that it has consulted with the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canadian Coast Guard, the Canadian Council of Professional Fish Harvesters and training institutes with regard to information or programs involving a safety culture. An update of several initiatives underway by others to address safety was provided. Satisfactory in part The results of a study by the CCPFH, which included a profile of accidents at sea and proposed strategies for their prevention, are expected by the end of May 2005.

DFO is considering linking issuance of licences to vessel inspections.
Cap Tourmente, Quebec - 9 November 1999 Grounding and Constructive Total Loss -
Bulk Carrier Alcor
Report No. M99L0126
RECOMMENDATION RESPONSE BOARD ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSE SAFETY ACTION TAKEN
M03-03
The Department of Transport, the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, and Canadian pilotage authorities, in consultation with marine interests, develop, implement and exercise contingency plans to ensure that risks associated with navigation-related emergencies are adequately addressed. TC agrees with the recommendation. TC and DFO/CCG indicated that measures are being taken in the Laurentian Region to identify improvements relating to alerting of the various players and that exercises are being proposed for testing the coordination and management of responses to navigation-related incidents. The Laurentian Pilotage Authority, which will be invited by TC and DFO/CCG to participate, has indicated its intention to participate. Satisfactory in part The "lessons learned" as a result of the measures being undertaken in DFO/CCG Laurentian Region will be shared with other regions for their use as required.
Pitt River Highway Bridge, British Columbia - 18 December 2000
Striking of a Bridge - Tugboat Miller Richmond and Barges Miller 201 and Miller 206
Report No. M00W0303
RECOMMENDATION RESPONSE BOARD ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSE SAFETY ACTION TAKEN
M03-04
The Fraser River Port Authority and the provincial Ministry of Transportation, in collaboration with the bridge tenders and vessel operators, review and, if necessary, amend their current policies, practices and procedures, and ensure implementation so that the safety of vessels, bridges and bridge traffic is not compromised. A joint committee is to be established to review and amend, as necessary, and ensure implementation of current policies, practices
and procedures related to bridge and marine traffic and bridge operations.
Satisfactory intent A sub-committee of the Fraser River Port Authority Bridge Work Group was established to examine vessel/bridge operations. The Port Authority will also draft bridge procedures for the sub-committee's consideration.
Off Entrance to Fraser River, British Columbia - 13 August 2002
Capsizing and Loss of Life - Small Fishing Vessel Cap Rouge II
Report No. M02W0147
RECOMMENDATION RESPONSE BOARD ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSE SAFETY ACTION TAKEN
M03-05
The Department of Transport require all new inspected small fishing vessels of closed construction to submit stability data for approval. TC indicated that it is considering targeting, for the purposes of a stability assessment, fishing vessels that are considered to be at risk regarding their stability. Any new requirements to address fishing vessel stability concerns must follow the due regulatory development process and are expected to be incorporated in the new Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations, scheduled to come into force by the end of 2006. Unsatisfactory The intent of the recommendation was that, until such time as the new small fishing vessel safety regulations are introduced, interim measures be taken to address the safety risk. There is no indication that prior to such time as the new regulations are introduced the measures described in the recommendation will be implemented.
M03-06
The Department of Transport require all existing inspected small fishing vessels currently without any approved stability data be subjected to a roll period test and a corresponding freeboard verification not later than their next scheduled quadrennial inspection. TC indicated that it is considering targeting, for the purposes of a stability assessment, fishing vessels that are considered to be at risk regarding their stability. Any new requirements to address fishing vessel stability concerns must follow the due regulatory development process and are expected to be incorporated in the new Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations, scheduled to come into force by the end of 2006. Unsatisfactory The intent of the recommendation was that, until such time as the new small fishing vessel safety regulations are introduced, interim measures be taken to address the safety risk. There is no indication that prior to such time as the new regulations are introduced the measures described in the recommendation will be implemented.
M03-07
The Department of Transport, in collaboration with the fishing community, reduce unsafe practices by means of a code of best practices for small fishing vessels, including loading and stability, and that its adoption be encouraged through effective education and awareness programs. TC outlined a number of initiatives that the department has taken to address safety within the fishing community. TC indicated that it is discussing with the Department of Fisheries and Oceans and stakeholders more efficient means of communication between government and fish harvesters. Unsatisfactory There was no indication of any initiative to develop a code of best practices for small fishing vessels.

OTHER MARINE SAFETY ACTIONS TAKEN

Canada submitted a paper entitled "Measures to Prevent Brittle Fracture in Ships" to the 48th Session of the International Maritime Organization Design and Equipment Sub-Committee. The paper brings attention to the risks to vessels constructed with steel of unqualified fracture toughness operating in cold water such as the North Atlantic and requests consideration of the development of a "goal-based" standard to ensure that steel vessels be constructed such that their side shells are of known toughness. The toughness of the steel would be adequate under all expected circumstances such that a reasonable damage tolerance can be predicted and relied upon.

The Canadian General Standards Board is considering an amendment to its current standard for a "Marine Abandonment Immersion Suit System" to emphasize, at the point of sale, that survivability depends upon the suit remaining watertight and that it fits securely to prevent entry of water.

TC has indicated its intention to pursue an amendment to the Life Saving Equipment Regulations that all passenger vessels equipped with liferafts should have provision for such liferafts to float free in the event of a sinking.

TC and the St. Lawrence Seaway intend to establish a joint task force to address concerns associated with a number of incidents regarding tug and barge operations.

TC conducted visual inspections of the steering gears of two passenger hydrofoils, with a commitment to carry out further detailed inspections during the off-season.

TC will review with the owner of a passenger vessel the organization of the stowage area for adult and child lifejackets to facilitate their distribution.

The owner of a small ro-ro ferry is looking at ways to better secure its ferries to the dock when embarking and disembarking vehicles.

TC intends to require persons who are assigned passenger safety related duties on passenger and ro-ro passenger vessels (greater than 500 tons engaged in voyages beyond sheltered waters) to have successfully completed a training course in passenger ship safety management.

PIPELINE

Occurrence Statistics and Investigations

ANNUAL STATISTICS

Seven pipeline accidents were reported to the TSB in 2004, down from both the 2003 total of 20 and the 1999-2003 average of 21. All accidents in 2004 occurred at facilities such as pump stations, compressor stations and gas processing plants. Pipeline activity is estimated to have increased by 4% over last year. The accident rate decreased to 0.5 pipeline accidents per exajoule in 2004, down from 1.64 in 2003 and the 1999-2003 average rate of 1.72. The last fatal pipeline accident in the portion of the industry under federal jurisdiction occurred in 1988, and the last accident involving serious injury occurred in 2000.

In 2004, 70 pipeline incidents were reported in accordance with TSB mandatory reporting requirements, up from 38 in 2003 and from the five-year average of 37. Eighty-one percent of those incidents involved uncontained or uncontrolled release of small quantities of gas, oil and high-vapour-pressure products.

Figure 6 - PIPELINE OCCURRENCES

Figure 6 - Pipeline Occurences

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PIPELINE REPORTS RELEASED IN 2004-2005

DATE LOCATION COMPANY EVENT REPORT NO.
2000.12.28 East Hereford, Que. Gazoduc TQM Inc. Compressor station occurrence P00H0061
2002.04.14 Brookdale, Man. TransCanada PipeLines Natural gas pipeline rupture P02H0017

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