Annual Report to Parliament 2005-2006

MARINE

Occurrence Statistics and Investigations

ANNUAL STATISTICS

In all, 480 marine accidents were reported to the TSB in 2005, a 2% decrease from the 2004 total of 492 and a 7% decrease from the 2000-2004 average of 514. Marine fatalities totalled 19 in 2005, down from both the 2004 total and the 2000-2004 average of 28.


Shipping accidents, which comprised 91% of marine accidents, reached a 30-year low of 435 in 2005, down from 442 in 2004 and the five-year average of 456. Nearly half of all vessels involved in shipping accidents were fishing vessels. Accidents to persons aboard ship, which include falls, electrocution, and other types of injuries requiring hospitalization, totalled 45 in 2005, a 10% decrease from the 2004 total of 50 and a 22% decrease from the five-year average of 58.

Marine activity for Canadian commercial non-fishing vessels increased by 5% from the 2000-2004 average, resulting in a 7% decrease in the accident rate from 3.0 to 2.8 accidents per 1000 movements. Although marine activity for foreign commercial non-fishing vessels remained relatively unchanged compared to the 2000-2004 average, accidents increased, yielding a 47% increase in the accident rate from 1.5 to 2.2 accidents per 1000 movements.

In 2005, shipping accidents resulted in 12 fatalities, down from 22 in 2004 and the five-year average of 17. Accidents aboard ship resulted in 7 fatalities, up 1 from the 2004 total but down 4 from the five-year average.

Twenty-two vessels were reported lost in 2005, equal to the 2004 total but down from the five-year average of 36.

In 2005, 224 marine incidents were reported in accordance with the TSB mandatory reporting requirements. This represents a 10% decrease from the 2004 total of 248 but is comparable to the five-year average of 226.

FIGURE 5 - MARINE OCCURRENCES AND FATALITIES

Figure 5 - Marine Occurrences and Fatalities

[D]f5

MARINE INVESTIGATIONS STARTED IN 2005-2006

Final determination of events is subject to the TSB's full investigation.

DATE LOCATION VESSEL(S) TYPE EVENT OCCURRENCE NO.
2005.05.14 Elaho River , B.C. (no name) Inflatable river raft Capsizing M05W0080
2005.06.03 Canadian Pacific Railway bridge, South Shore Canal, St. Lawrence Seaway, Que. Federal Sakura Bulk carrier Striking M05C0019
2005.06.03 Swanson Channel, North Pender Island, B.C. Sandra Carol
Warrior
Ocean Warrior
Barge 216
Fishing
Barge
Tug
Barge
Collision M05W0087
2005.06.09 Okanagan Lake , B.C. Quintana Roo Houseboat Capsizing M05W0090
2005.06.27 Wood Islands, P.E.I. Confederation Roll-on/roll-off passenger ferry Serious injury M05M0052
2005.06.29 Off Savary Island, Northern Georgia Strait, B.C. Morning Sunrise Fishing Capsizing and subsequent sinking M05W0110
2005.06.30 Sewell's Marina, Horseshoe Bay, B.C. Queen of Oak Bay Passenger and vehicle ferry Striking and grounding M05W0111
2005.07.19 South Shore Canal, St. Lawrence Seaway, Que. Jo Spirit

Orla
Chemical tanker
General cargo
Collision M05C0033
2005.07.26 Off Cape Flattery, Pacific Ocean Ocean Tor Fishing Capsizing M05W0141
2005.09.12 Near buoy K-120, Traverse du Nord, off Saint-François wharf, Que. Maria Desgagnés

El Tio
Chemical tanker
Yacht (sail)
Collision M05L0192
2005.09.12 70 nm east of Cape Bonavista, N.L. Melina & Keith  II Fishing Capsizing M05N0072
2005.09.26 St. Lawrence River, Deschaillons, Que. Canadian Leader Bulk carrier Grounding and taking water M05L0203
2005.09.26 St. Lawrence River , near Yamachiche, Que. Hyde Park

Cast Prosperity
Chemical tanker Container Collision M05L0205
2005.10.28 Between buoys P19 and P17, St. Marys River, Ont. Michipicoten Bulk/oil carrier Grounding M05C0063
2006.01.04 Gaspé, Que. Skalva General cargo Fire/ Explosion M06L0004
2006.03.08 Qualicum, B.C. B.C. Safari Fishing Capsizing M06W0039
2006.03.22 Juan Point, Gil Island, B.C. Queen of the North Passenger and vehicle ferry Grounding and sinking M06W0052

MARINE REPORTS RELEASED IN 2005-2006

DATE LOCATION VESSEL(S) TYPE EVENT REPORT NO.
2002.08.04 Strait of Georgia , B.C. Statendam Passenger Switchboard fire M02W0135
2002.10.12 South Shore Canal, St. Lawrence Seaway, Que. Canadian Prospector
Stellanova
Bulk carrier
Heavy lift
Collision M02C0064
2003.05.03 Outside St. John's Harbour, N.L. Sir Wilfred Grenfell

Genny and Doug
Canadian Coast Guard
Fishing
Collision M03N0047
2003.05.12 Queen Charlotte Channel, B.C. Queen of Surrey Roll-on/roll-off passenger ferry Engine room fire M03W0073
2003.05.12 Port aux Basques, N.L., 8 nm S Joseph and Clara Smallwood Roll-on/roll-off passenger ferry Fire on vehicle deck M03N0050
2003.06.25 Off Petit-de-Grat, N.S. Silent Provider Small fishing Fire and sinking M03M0077
2004.03.04 North Sydney,
N.S., 14 nm NNE
Caribou Roll-on/roll-off passenger ferry Furnace explosion - starboard auxiliary boiler M04M0013
2004.04.27 Sorel, Que. Catherine-Legardeur Passenger and vehicle ferry Grounding M04L0050
2004.06.19 Sherbrooke , Que. (no name) Inflatable river raft Capsizing M04L0066
2004.08.11 Off Saint-Nicolas, Que. Canada Senator Mondisy Container Pleasure craft Collision M04L0099
2004.08.24 Public wharf, île aux Coudres, Que. Famille Dufour II High-speed passenger catamaran Striking of wharf M04L0105
2005.06.27 Wood Islands, P.E.I. Confederation Roll-on/roll-off passenger ferry Serious injury M05M0052

MARINE RECOMMENDATIONS ISSUED IN 2005-2006

Strait of Georgia, British Columbia - 4 August 2002
Switchboard Fire - Passenger Vessel Statendam
Report No. M02W0135
RECOMMENDATION RESPONSE BOARD ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSE SAFETY ACTION TAKEN
M05-01
The Department of Transport submit a paper to the International Maritime Organization requesting a review of requirements for structural fire protection and fire-extinguishing systems to ensure that the fire risks associated with compartments containing high levels of electrical energy are adequately assessed, and that the provisions of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) dealing with structural fire protection and fixed fire-extinguishing systems are addressed. Transport Canada (TC) believes that the TSB should prepare an information paper on the issue and TC would submit it to the International Maritime Organization (IMO) Fire Protection Sub Committee at the next meeting in January 2006. Fully Satisfactory TC agreed to submit an information paper (as drafted by TSB staff) to the IMO Fire Protection Sub Committee that will call for a review to ensure that the fire risks associated with compartments containing high levels of electrical energy are adequately assessed and addressed by the provisions of SOLAS. The paper, dated 4 October 2005, was submitted to the IMO.
Off Petit-de-Grat, Nova Scotia - 25 June 2003
Fire and Sinking - Small Fishing Vessel Silent Provider
Report No. M03M0077
RECOMMENDATION RESPONSE BOARD ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSE SAFETY ACTION TAKEN
M05-02
The Department of Transport, in conjunction with the manufacturer, ensure that all present and future owners of Ovatek liferafts receive information that will allow users to properly de-water and right a swamped liferaft and encourage all users to practice these procedures. The Minister of Transport accepts the recommendation. TC is working with the manufacturer to ensure that information on de watering is provided to all current and future owners of Ovatek liferafts.

As part of the revisions to the Marine Emergency Duties Training Program and Marine Emergency Duties A3/A4 courses, TC will introduce special training, where applicable, concerning the boarding of a rigid liferaft.
Satisfactory Intent TC is to follow up with the manufacturer in early March 2006 before the commencement of the 2006 fishing season to confirm that the proposed actions have been completed.

The revisions to training are to be implemented with the new proposed Marine Personnel Regulations in November 2006.
M05-03
The Department of Transport develop and implement performance-based standards to ensure that all liferafts deployed on Canadian vessels are capable of operating in severe marine conditions and, further, encourage the International Maritime Organization to adopt a parallel approach internationally. The Minister of Transport notes the recommendation, and TC will continue to work with the IMO to improve the testing and performance criteria of all survival equipment. Currently, work at the IMO is focused on improving the testing criteria for lifeboats and release mechanisms, as this has been a concern internationally and domestically.

TC is planning to carry out research regarding thermal requirements of liferafts. The current IMO standards specify a need for insulated floors and canopies in liferafts without specifying the value of thermal protection required. This research will assist in improving the performance criteria of liferafts.
Satisfactory in Part There is no indication in the response of any other domestic initiative under consideration or being taken regarding liferaft-related testing and performance criteria for operating in more severe marine conditions. However, TC is working at the international level through the IMO to further improve the testing and performance criteria of survival equipment. The development of goal- or performance-based standards is well under way within the IMO to address a variety of maritime matters. A correspondence group of the IMO Sub-Committee on Ship Design and Equipment (48th session, 21-25 February 2006) is expected to prepare performance requirements for survival craft used on future passenger ships.
Off Cape Bonavista, Newfoundland and Labrador -
19 September 2004
Capsizing and Loss of Life - Small Fishing Vessel Ryan's Commander
Report No. M04N0086
RECOMMENDATION RESPONSE BOARD ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSE SAFETY ACTION TAKEN
M05-04
The Department of Transport ensure that the Board's previous recommendations M03-05 and M03-06 are immediately implemented. Until such time as the new Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations come into force, TC has established an interim measure for determining, based on a list of risk factors, whether a small fishing vessel requires a stability booklet. This interim measure, which will take effect immediately and apply to new and existing vessels, will require that a stability booklet be on board all vessels that have any of the identified risk factors. Pending To be reported next fiscal year
Queen Charlotte Channel, British Columbia -
12 May 2003
Engine Room Fire and Subsequent Failure of the CO2 Distribution Manifold - Ro-Ro Passenger Ferry Queen of Surrey
Report No. M03W0073
RECOMMENDATION RESPONSE BOARD ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSE SAFETY ACTION TAKEN
M05-05
The Department of Transport, in conjunction with other stakeholders, review Canadian and international marine regulations respecting fixed fire-extinguishing systems to ensure that their design, maintenance, inspection, and testing regimes effectively demonstrate continued structural and functional integrity. Awaiting response Pending To be reported next fiscal year
M05-06
The Department of Transport require Canadian passenger vessels over 500 gross tonnage to meet a standard of structural fire protection that ensures a level of safety equivalent to SOLAS-compliant vessels. Awaiting response Pending To be reported next fiscal year

ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSES TO MARINE RECOMMENDATIONS ISSUED IN 2002-2003

Allanburg, Ontario - 11 August 2001
Sinking and Subsequent Fire on Board at Bridge 11 -
Bulk Carrier Windoc
Report No. M01C0054
RECOMMENDATION RESPONSE BOARD ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSE SAFETY ACTION
TAKEN
M02-04
The Department of Transport ensure that overall preparedness is appropriate for responding to vessel-related emergencies within the Seaway. The Minister of Transport, under the Canada Marine Act, does have responsibility for the safety oversight of the Canadian marine transportation system in general; however, the Canada Marine Act does not provide a safety oversight role to the Minister in respect to the Seaway.

Responsibility for emergency/contingency plans specific to the Seaway falls under the purview of the St. Lawrence Seaway Management Corporation (SLSMC).
Satisfactory Intent As a result of discussions between TC and the SLSMC, it has been decided to amend the Management, Operation and Maintenance Agreement. It is intended that the amendment will require the SLSMC to have in place an up-to-date emergency response plan. The plan will have to be validated every five years by a qualified independent third party, and copies of their report will be forwarded to TC and the SLSMC. The SLSMC will continue to conduct annual emergency response exercises.

The Marine Branch 2005 annual review of assessments of responses to TSB marine recommendations was approved by the Board in December 2005. The annual review of assessments of responses was conducted on 57 "active" recommendations. Consequently, the Board approved the 2005 review, which assigned 20 recommendations to "inactive" status-the remaining 37 recommendations being "active." Five recommendations issued subsequent to the Board's approval of the 2005 review were not included in the review.

OTHER MARINE SAFETY ACTION TAKEN

Transport Canada (TC) issued Ship Safety Bulletin 01/2005, The Use of Passive Anti-Roll Tanks (ART) on Small Fishing Vessels, to caution operators of vessels fitted with passive anti-roll tanks about the safety hazards associated with their use.

The Canadian General Standards Board published its amended standard CAN/CGSB-65.16-2005, Immersion Suit Systems. The amended standard requires that information concerning the donning, fitting, operation, maintenance and cleaning of the suit system be made available to purchasers at the point of sale.

A West Coast marine insurance company advised its members of the potential deficiencies associated with the use of single crossbar type hatch covers.

TC completed special audits with respect to operational readiness on board some passenger ferries operating in Canada.

TC is reviewing all fire safety regulatory requirements, together with other international standards. Low-location lighting, emergency lighting and supplemental lighting requirements will be included in the review. TC anticipates that the new Fire Safety Regulations will come into force by November 2006.

The ferry operator Northumberland Ferries Ltd. made modifications to the control levers of a horizontal sliding door to make the operation of the door easier; the lever now actuates the door in the same direction of travel and the handles are now very close to the door opening. The time required for the horizontal watertight door to close from fully opened was also adjusted to 26 to 30 seconds as per the manufacturer's specifications.

The Canadian Coast Guard issued Fleet Bulletin 06-2005, Concerns about Stability of Aluminum Barges, to its fleet personnel to remind them to give careful consideration to the impact of cargo handling work on stability and the vessel's operating restrictions.

PIPELINE

Occurrence Statistics and Investigations

ANNUAL STATISTICS

In 2005, 5 pipeline accidents were reported to the TSB, down from the 2004 total of 7 and from the 2000-2004 average of 16. Pipeline activity is estimated to have decreased by 1% from the previous year. The accident rate decreased to 0.4 pipeline accidents per exajoule in 2005, down from 0.5 in 2004 and the 2000-2004 average rate of 1.48. The last fatal pipeline accident in the portion of the industry under federal jurisdiction occurred in 1988, and the last accident involving serious injury occurred in 2000.


In 2005, 79 pipeline incidents were reported in accordance with the TSB mandatory reporting requirements, up from 74 in 2004 and from the five-year average of 44. In all, 90% of those incidents involved uncontained or uncontrolled release of small quantities of gas, oil and high-vapour-pressure products.

FIGURE 6 - PIPELINE OCCURRENCES

Figure 6 - Pipeline Occurences

[D]f6

PIPELINE INVESTIGATIONS STARTED IN 2005-2006

Final determination of events is subject to the TSB's full investigation.

DATE LOCATION COMPANY EVENT REPORT NO.
2005.07.15 Abbotsford, B.C. Terasen Pipelines Inc. Uncontained release -
crude oil pipeline
P05H0044
2005.10.18 Empress, Alta. Foothills Pipe Lines Ltd. Programmable logic controller failure at decompression/ recompression facility P05H0061

PIPELINE REPORT RELEASED IN 2005-2006

DATE LOCATION COMPANY EVENT REPORT NO.
2002.12.07 Near St. Clet, Que. Trans-Northern Pipelines Inc. Refined product pipeline rupture P02H0052

No pipeline recommendations were issued in 2005-2006.

Previous | Next