Statistical Summary – Aviation Occurrences 2010

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Foreword

This document provides users of Canadian aviation safety data with an annual summary of selected statistics on aviation occurrences.

Users of these statistics are advised that, in a live database, the occurrence data are constantly being updated. Consequently, the statistics can change slightly over time. Further, as many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded on some occurrences may not have been verified. Therefore, caution should be used when utilizing these statistics. The 2010 statistics presented here reflect the TSB database updated as of 21 July 2011.

To enhance awareness and increase the safety value of the material presented in the TSB Statistical Summary, Aviation Occurrences 2010, readers are encouraged to copy or reprint the data presented, in whole or in part, for further distribution (with acknowledgements of the source).

The TSB is an independent agency operating under its own Act of Parliament. Its sole aim is the advancement of transportation safety.

Comments on this document can be forwarded to the following address:

Transportation Safety Board of Canada
Communications Division
Place du Centre
200 Promenade du Portage
4th Floor
Gatineau, Quebec
K1A 1K8

Telephone: (819) 994-3741
Facsimile: (819) 997-2239
E-mail: communications@bst-tsb.gc.ca

©  Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada 2011
Cat. No. TU1-3/2010E


Aviation Occurrences in 2010

Accidents

Overview of Accidents and Fatalities (Tables 1, 2, 3a, 3b and 6)

In 2010, a total of 288 aviation accidents were reported to the TSB. Of this number, 244 involved Canadian-registered aircraft (excluding ultralights), a 2% decrease from 2009 (Figure 1).

Flying activity is unchanged from last year, and the accident rate for Canadian-registered aircraft has decreased from the 2009 accident rate of 6.2 accidents per 100 000 flying hours to 6.0. Statistical analysis using linear regression indicates a significant downward trend in accident rates (p < .01)1 over the past 10 years.

The 244 accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft (excluding ultralights) included 209 accidents involving aeroplanes2 (57 accidents involved commercially operated aeroplanes) and 29 accidents involving helicopters. The remaining 6 accidents involved balloons, gliders or gyrocopters.

Figure 1—Accidents and Accident Rates,3 2001–2010 [D]

Figure 1. Accidents and Accident Rates, 2001–2010

Of the 57 accidents involving commercial aeroplanes (6 airliners, 6 commuter aircraft, 28 air taxi and 17 aerial work) in 2010 (Figure 2), 7 fatal accidents involved air taxi aircraft , 4 fatal accidents involved aerial work, and one fatal accident involved a commuter aircraft. There were no fatal accidents involving airliners.

A total of 147 accidents involved private/ other aeroplanes, 1% higher than the five-year average of 146. In 2010, 15 such accidents resulted in fatalities, unchanged from 2009, but up one from the five-year average.

Figure 2—Accidents Involving Canadian-Registered Aircraft, by Aircraft Type, 2010 [D]

Figure 2. Accidents Involving Canadian-Registered Aircraft, by Aircraft Type, 2010

In 2010, 31 fatal accidents involved Canadian-registered aircraft other than ultralights   (Figure 3), 8% higher than last year's total of 28 and slightly higher than the 2005–2009 average of 30. The number of fatalities (64) was higher than the five-year average (54), and the number of serious injuries (31) decreased from the five-year average (41). Passenger fatalities accounted for 43% of aircraft fatalities in 2010, and crew member fatalities accounted for 57% (excluding fatalities from ultralight accidents).

Figure 3—Fatalities and Fatal Accidents, 2001–2010 [D]

Figure 3. Fatalities and Fatal Accidents, 2001–2010

Three accidents involved aeroplanes operated by the state (that is, operated by federal or provincial governments) in 2010, with no fatalities.

In 2010, 29 accidents involved helicopters, yielding a 35% decrease from the five-year average of 45. Three of those accidents were fatal, resulting in 7 fatalities. Over the past 10 years, the highest proportion of helicopter accidents occurred during air transport operations (37%), training (11%), and pleasure/travel (11%).

In 2010, 34 accidents in Canada involved ultralight aircraft, with 3 accidents resulting in 4 fatalities, which is a 33% decrease from the five-year average.

In 2010, 14 accidents involved foreign-registered aircraft in Canada, with 2 fatal accidents resulting in 2 fatalities.

Accidents by Selected Categories

Province (Table 8): In 2010, Ontario and Quebec accounted for 25% and 23% respectively of Canadian-registered aircraft accidents, while British Columbia accounted for 16%. Canadian-registered aircraft accidents were lower than the five-year average in Ontario, British Columbia, Quebec, Alberta, Yukon, and Newfoundland and Labrador, and higher than the five-year average in Manitoba, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick (Figure 4).

Figure 4—Accidents involving Canadian-Registered Aircraft, by Province, 2010 [D]

Figure 4. Accidents involving Canadian-Registered Aircraft, by Province, 2010

Accident Events and Phases (Tables 11 and 12):

Accidents may be analysed in more detail by examining the nature and distribution of selected events contributing to an occurrence. Tables 11 and 12 show counts of accidents involving selected event types within each phase of flight.

Although a single accident may involve more than one event within a phase, that accident is only counted once in the phase total.  Therefore, the total of events within a phase will not sum to phase event totals.  For example, in the "take-off" phase, if an occurrence involves both  "loss of control " and "power loss" events, the occurrence is counted in each event category, but only once in the phase total. In addition, approximately 5% of aeroplane accidents and 25% of helicopter accidents involve events in more than one phase of flight (not including "post-impact"), so the accidents shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6 sum to more than the total of accidents.

In 2010, the greatest numbers of aeroplane accidents were associated with landing (41%) and take-off (20%) phases of flight, followed by en route (11%) and approach (10%) phases. The greatest numbers of helicopter accidents were associated with landing (32%) and manoeuvering4 (19%) phases of flight, followed by en route (15%) and take-off (11%) phases.

Figure 5 - Aeroplane Accidents by Event Phase of Flight, 2001-2010 [D]

Figure 5. Aeroplane Accidents by Event Phase of Flight, 2001-2010

Figure 6 - Helicopter Accidents by Event Phase of Flight, 2001-2010 [D]

Figure 6. Helicopter Accidents by Event Phase of Flight, 2001-2010

From 2001 to 2010, of the 1252 aeroplane accidents with landing phase events, 26% involved missing or going off the runway, 23% involved collision with object, 19% involved landing gear collapse or retraction, and 18% involved a nosedown or overturning event. Of the 528 aeroplane accidents with take-off phase events, 32% involved collision with terrain, 29% involved loss of control, and 27% involved collision with object.

Collision with terrain was the predominant event in fatal aeroplane accidents from 2001 to 2010. Collision with terrain was involved in 65% of the 55 fatal aeroplane accidents with takeoff phase events, 61% of 96 fatal aeroplane accidents with en route phase events, 67% of 33 fatal aeroplane accidents with manoeuvering phase events, 78% of 46 fatal aeroplane accidents with approach phase events, and 46% of 24 fatal aeroplane accidents with landing phase events.

From 2001 to 2010, of the 193 helicopter accidents with landing phase events, 28% involved a hard landing, 23% involved collision with terrain, 20% involved loss of control, and 20% involved a collision with object. Of the 113 helicopter accidents with manoeuvering phase events, 38% involved collision with terrain, 28% involved loss of control, and 23% involved collision with object.

Collision with terrain was also the predominant event in fatal helicopter accidents from 2001 to 2010. Collision with terrain was involved in 7 of 10 fatal helicopter accidents with takeoff phase events, 19 of 28 fatal helicopter accidents with en route phase events, 14 of 23 fatal helicopter accidents with manoeuvering phase events, 7 of 12 fatal helicopter accidents with approach phase events, and 5 of 8 fatal helicopter accidents with landing phase events.

Operation Type (Table 6): In 2010, aeroplane accidents occurred mainly on recreational flights (52%), followed by air transport (18%) and training flights (13%). Helicopter accidents occurred mainly on air transport flights (52%).

Incidents

Overview of Incidents (Tables 1, 9 and 10)

Pursuant to TSB mandatory incident reporting requirements, 815 incidents were reported in 2010, 667 of which involved Canadian-registered aircraft.

In 2010, the most frequent incident types were declared emergency (38%), risk of collision or loss of separation (25%), and engine failure (11%) (Figure 7).

Figure 7—Reportable Incidents by Type, 2010 [D]

Figure 7. Reportable Incidents by Type, 2010

Appendix A—Aviation Occurrence Tables

Table 1 Reportable Aviation Occurrences 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Data extracted July 21, 2011.

Accidents and reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Accidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

* "Number of aircraft involved in accidents" are aircraft counts, all other data are accident counts.

  1. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
  2. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
  3. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.
  4. Reportable incidents include aeroplanes having a maximum certificated take-off weight (MCTOW) greater than 5700 kg, and rotorcraft having a MCTOW greater than 2250 kg.
 
Accidents 359 324 373 308 306 303 324 294 297 288
Accidents in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 323 297 335 279 283 278 300 274 271 273
Accidents outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 7 12 7 9 7 11 14 7 11 1
Accidents in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 29 15 31 21 18 14 10 15 15 14
Accidents by operator type 359 324 373 308 306 303 324 294 297 288
Commercial 102 108 106 87 94 105 98 95 74 86
Airliner (705) 5 6 7 3 4 7 4 6 2 6
Commuter (704) 9 6 9 1 7 4 4 5 6 7
Air taxi (703) 54 57 45 58 56 63 53 64 44 44
Aerial work (702) 30 37 41 21 26 30 34 19 20 28
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 4 2 4 4 2 1 4 2 2 1
State 5 5 8 4 2 4 2 5 4 5
Corporate 8 6 4 6 10 3 10 4 6 2
Private/Other operator type (b) 244 206 257 213 201 191 214 191 215 195
Accidents by aircraft type 359 324 373 308 306 303 324 294 297 288
Aeroplane 268 219 271 221 218 216 244 208 223 220
Helicopter 46 58 44 41 50 56 46 44 33 31
Ultralight 36 36 47 37 31 28 30 29 35 30
Other aircraft type (c) 11 12 11 9 8 4 5 13 7 7
Number of aircraft involved in accidents* 364 327 376 314 314 311 328 300 303 290
Aeroplanes 271 221 273 225 224 223 246 214 228 222
Helicopters 46 58 44 42 51 56 47 44 33 31
Ultralights 36 36 47 38 31 28 30 29 35 30
Other aircraft type(c) 11 12 12 9 8 4 5 13 7 7
Fatal accidents by aircraft type 46 42 45 33 44 34 38 38 33 36
Aeroplane 33 22 32 20 27 24 25 16 21 28
Helicopter 6 7 3 5 10 9 6 9 8 3
Ultralight 6 9 7 6 5 1 5 12 3 3
Other aircraft type (c) 3 4 3 2 2 0 2 1 1 2
Fatalities 76 67 76 57 69 55 56 64 70 70
Serious injuries 48 46 61 37 61 53 65 50 46 36
Accidents in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 29 15 31 21 18 14 10 15 15 14
Fatal accidents 8 2 6 3 6 2 0 0 2 2
Fatalities 10 4 8 10 10 2 0 0 2 2
Serious injuries 5 1 4 3 15 1 2 5 3 1
Incidents (d) 833 843 781 865 796 807 874 886 785 815
Incidents in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 658 661 577 645 571 580 622 650 589 584
Incidents outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 64 71 100 89 79 78 69 78 67 83
Incidents in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 155 151 134 164 184 188 224 194 152 187
Incidents by type (d) 833 843 781 865 796 807 874 886 785 815
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 195 188 141 216 174 168 168 172 152 206
Declared emergency 249 279 279 264 222 260 298 314 311 309
Engine failure 170 151 122 134 139 130 129 120 106 87
Smoke/Fire 107 98 96 90 99 102 123 107 96 82
Collision 19 22 16 21 12 21 13 8 9 4
Other incident type 93 105 127 140 150 126 143 165 111 127


Table 2 Occurrences Involving Canadian-Registered Aircraft 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Data extracted July 21, 2011.

Accidents and reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Accidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

  1. Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, excluding ultralights.
  2. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
  3. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.
  4. Reportable incidents include aeroplanes having a maximum certificated take-off weight (MCTOW) greater than 5700 kg, and rotorcraft having a MCTOW greater than 2250 kg.
 
Accidents by aircraft and operator type (a) 296 274 295 252 259 262 285 252 249 244
Aeroplane accidents 241 208 240 203 203 202 235 197 210 209
Commercial 67 65 68 53 57 54 58 63 54 57
Airliner (705) 5 6 7 3 4 7 4 6 2 6
Commuter (704) 8 6 9 1 6 4 4 5 5 6
Air taxi (703) 36 41 35 41 33 30 39 41 36 28
Aerial work (702) 18 12 17 8 14 13 11 12 10 17
Other commercial type 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
State 3 3 3 2 1 4 1 3 2 3
Corporate 4 2 2 4 6 2 7 4 4 2
Private/Other operator type (b) 167 138 169 145 139 142 169 127 152 147
Helicopter accidents 46 56 44 40 49 56 45 42 32 29
Commercial 30 40 35 31 35 50 34 28 19 27
State 1 1 2 1 1 0 1 0 0 0
Corporate 1 2 0 0 0 0 3 0 1 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 14 13 7 8 13 6 7 14 12 2
Other aircraft type (c) 10 10 11 9 8 4 5 13 7 6
Fatal accidents by aircraft and operator type (a) 33 31 32 24 34 31 33 26 28 31
Aeroplane accidents 25 22 26 18 22 22 25 16 20 27
Commercial 7 6 8 3 9 6 7 3 5 12
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Commuter (704) 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1
Air taxi (703) 5 5 5 3 6 5 5 3 5 7
Aerial work (702) 1 1 3 0 2 1 1 0 0 4
Other commercial type 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
State 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Corporate 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 17 15 18 15 13 15 17 11 15 15
Helicopter accidents 6 6 3 4 10 9 6 9 7 3
Other aircraft type (c) 3 3 3 2 2 0 2 1 1 1
Fatalities (a) 60 51 59 37 55 52 50 51 64 64
Serious injuries (a) 35 42 42 27 37 40 56 40 34 31
Incidents by type (d) 722 732 677 734 650 658 691 728 656 667
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 170 169 124 182 150 150 152 149 137 179
Declared emergency 208 231 229 204 152 184 186 235 236 238
Engine failure 157 134 104 118 116 106 108 98 93 67
Smoke/Fire 92 83 82 81 85 86 106 90 84 71
Collision 17 19 16 21 8 18 9 7 7 3
Other incident type 78 96 122 128 139 114 130 149 99 109
Accidents involving ultralight aircraft 35 36 47 36 31 28 30 29 34 30
Fatal accidents 6 9 7 6 5 1 5 12 3 3
Fatalities 8 12 9 10 6 1 6 13 4 4
Serious injuries 8 3 15 7 9 12 7 5 9 4
Table 3a Accident Rates Involving Canadian-Registered Aircraft (per Hours Flown, Excluding Ultralights and Other Aircraft Types) 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Data extracted July 21, 2011.

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Canadian-registered aircraft, excluding ultralights, balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.

a. Source: Transport Canada (2008 to 2010 hours flown are estimated).

 
Accidents 286 264 284 243 251 258 280 239 242 238
Fatal accidents 30 28 29 22 32 31 31 25 27 30
Fatalities 57 48 56 35 52 52 47 50 63 63
Hours flown (thousands) (a) 3,885 3,713 3,790 3,961 3,979 4,059 4,180 4,144 3,921 3,980
Accidents per 100,000 hours 7.4 7.1 7.5 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.7 5.8 6.2 6.0
Fatal accidents per 100,000 hours 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8
Fatalities per 100,000 hours 1.5 1.3 1.5 0.9 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.6 1.6


Table 3b Aircraft Accident Rates in Canada (per Movements, Excluding Ultralights and Other Aircraft Types) 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Data extracted July 21, 2011.

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Excluding ultralights, balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.

a. Source: Statistics Canada. (51-007-X, 51-008-X, 51-209-X and 51-210-X).

 
Accidents 306 265 308 253 260 261 277 245 246 250
Fatal accidents 37 26 34 23 36 29 30 21 28 31
Fatalities 66 45 63 43 59 49 44 43 64 64
Aircraft movements (thousands) (a) .. .. .. 6,183 6,156 6,299 6,819 6,841 6,526 6,370
Accidents per 100,000 aircraft movements .. .. .. 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.6 3.8 3.9
Fatal accidents per 100,000 aircraft movements .. .. .. 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5
Fatalities per 100,000 aircraft movements .. .. .. 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.6 1.0 1.0


Table 4 Aircraft Accident Fatalities 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Data extracted July 21, 2011.

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Fatalities by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, a fatality is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

  1. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
  2. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
  3. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.
 
Fatalities 76 67 76 57 69 55 56 64 70 70
Fatalities in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 65 58 67 45 60 48 53 57 66 68
Fatalities outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 1 5 1 2 1 5 3 7 2 0
Fatalities in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 10 4 8 10 10 2 0 0 2 2
Fatalities by operator type 76 67 76 57 69 55 56 64 70 70
Commercial 22 16 21 25 26 28 19 25 36 36
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Commuter (704) 2 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 17 1
Air taxi (703) 16 9 15 18 17 18 10 20 18 28
Aerial work (702) 3 5 6 0 7 10 9 5 1 7
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 1 2 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0
State 0 3 4 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Corporate 5 0 0 0 1 0 1 7 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 49 48 51 32 42 26 36 32 34 34
Crew fatalities by operator type 48 39 43 37 44 32 37 35 34 39
Commercial 11 8 11 11 15 12 12 8 10 17
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Commuter (704) 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 1
Air taxi (703) 6 2 5 4 9 5 7 6 7 11
Aerial work (702) 2 4 6 0 4 7 6 2 1 5
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 1 2 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0
State 0 3 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Corporate 2 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 35 28 31 26 28 19 24 25 24 22
Passenger fatalities by operator type 28 27 33 20 25 22 19 28 36 30
Commercial 11 7 10 14 11 15 7 16 26 18
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Commuter (704) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 15 0
Air taxi (703) 10 7 10 14 8 12 3 14 11 16
Aerial work (702) 1 0 0 0 3 3 3 2 0 2
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
State 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 14 20 20 6 14 7 12 7 10 12
Ground fatalities 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1
Fatalities by aircraft type 76 67 76 57 69 55 56 64 70 70
Aeroplane 59 41 58 40 45 42 39 34 38 57
Helicopter 9 9 6 5 15 12 8 16 27 7
Ultralight 8 12 9 10 6 1 6 13 4 4
Other aircraft type (c) 3 5 3 2 3 0 3 1 1 2


Table 5 Aircraft Accident Serious Injuries 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Data extracted July 21, 2011.

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Fatalities by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, a fatality is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

  1. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
  2. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
  3. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.
 
Serious injuries 48 46 61 37 61 53 65 50 46 36
Serious injuries in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 41 41 55 34 45 51 61 45 42 35
Serious injuries outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 2 4 2 0 1 1 2 0 1 0
Serious injuries in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 5 1 4 3 15 1 2 5 3 1
Serious injuries by operator type 48 46 61 37 61 53 65 50 46 36
Commercial 21 20 20 14 24 20 30 24 11 15
Airliner (705) 3 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1
Commuter (704) 1 1 7 0 0 0 1 2 1 4
Air taxi (703) 9 16 7 10 4 16 15 18 6 6
Aerial work (702) 4 3 5 2 7 2 14 3 3 4
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 4 0 0 2 12 1 0 0 0 0
State 0 1 0 0 1 2 3 0 2 1
Corporate 0 1 0 0 4 0 1 0 3 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 27 24 41 23 33 31 31 26 30 20
Crew serious injuries by operator type 27 28 41 26 37 28 30 25 27 22
Commercial 7 7 12 8 11 9 10 11 5 6
Airliner (705) 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Commuter (704) 0 0 3 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
Air taxi (703) 3 5 4 4 2 6 3 9 2 2
Aerial work (702) 3 2 5 2 6 2 6 2 3 3
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0
State 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1
Corporate 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 20 19 29 18 23 18 19 14 19 15
Passenger serious injuries by operator type 20 16 16 9 22 23 32 25 19 12
Commercial 13 11 7 5 11 10 20 13 6 9
Airliner (705) 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
Commuter (704) 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 2 1 3
Air taxi (703) 6 9 3 5 1 9 12 9 4 4
Aerial work (702) 1 1 0 0 0 0 8 1 0 1
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 3 0 0 0 10 1 0 0 0 0
State 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 1 0
Corporate 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 7 5 9 4 10 12 9 12 11 3
Ground serious injuries 1 2 4 2 2 2 3 0 0 2
Serious injuries by aircraft type 48 46 61 37 61 53 65 50 46 36
Aeroplane 31 32 38 20 41 28 32 29 24 29
Helicopter 6 8 7 6 10 9 13 14 11 2
Ultralight 8 3 15 8 9 12 7 5 9 4
Other aircraft type (c) 3 3 1 3 2 4 13 2 2 1
Table 6 Accidents Involving Canadian-Registered Aeroplanes and Helicopters By Operation Type 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Data extracted July 21, 2011.

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Airplane accidents by operation type", when an occurrence involves a Business and an Inspection airplane, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

Canadian-registered aircraft, excluding ultralights, balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.

 
Aeroplane accidents by operation type 241 208 240 203 203 202 235 197 210 209
Training 46 20 34 25 16 33 33 30 43 28
Pleasure/Travel 108 102 122 118 116 95 119 83 109 108
Business 10 6 8 4 6 8 15 7 4 6
Forest fire management 2 2 2 3 2 4 0 1 3 2
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 7 6 5 7 5 6 8 4 0 6
Aerial application 13 6 13 3 6 8 8 9 4 10
Inspection 1 4 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1
Air transport 43 49 42 35 35 37 40 46 34 37
Air ambulance 3 2 1 2 1 3 2 3 5 2
Sightseeing 1 1 4 0 2 3 1 2 2 1
Other/Unknown 9 10 10 6 14 6 9 11 8 9
Aeroplane fatal accidents by operation type 25 22 26 18 22 22 25 16 20 27
Training 2 1 3 4 0 4 3 0 1 1
Pleasure/Travel 10 11 15 10 12 11 10 8 13 14
Business 4 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 1
Forest fire management 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 2 2 0 0 1 1 4 1 0 0
Aerial application 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
Inspection 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Air transport 4 5 4 3 7 5 4 3 4 7
Air ambulance 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0
Sightseeing 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Other/Unknown 1 0 2 1 2 1 0 1 0 2
Helicopter accidents by operation type 46 56 44 40 49 56 45 42 32 29
Training 11 9 6 4 3 2 3 6 5 0
Pleasure/Travel 4 2 1 5 11 4 4 9 5 2
Business 4 6 1 0 1 0 4 0 3 0
Forest fire management 2 6 6 4 1 3 0 0 4 1
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 1 5 0 2 0 2 3 0 0 1
Aerial application 1 1 2 1 2 0 2 1 0 3
Inspection 0 1 4 2 0 1 1 0 0 1
Air transport 12 14 11 15 19 29 16 22 10 15
Air ambulance 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
Sightseeing 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Other/Unknown 10 12 13 7 11 15 13 3 4 6
Fatal helicopter accidents by operation type 6 6 3 4 10 9 6 9 7 3
Training 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Pleasure/Travel 2 0 0 1 5 0 0 3 2 0
Business 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0
Forest fire management 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 1 0
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Aerial application 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inspection 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
Air transport 1 0 0 2 3 2 3 4 3 2
Air ambulance 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sightseeing 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other/Unknown 1 3 2 0 1 4 2 2 0 0


Table 7 Aircraft Accidents by Province/Territory 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Data extracted July 21, 2011.

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

 
Accidents by province/territory 359 324 373 308 306 303 324 294 297 288
Newfoundland and Labrador 13 7 12 5 5 4 6 7 3 3
Prince Edward Island 2 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Nova Scotia 3 9 1 5 0 2 4 6 3 7
New Brunswick 4 2 1 8 6 3 8 1 2 5
Quebec 59 49 67 55 64 56 72 58 68 65
Ontario 86 93 115 92 73 60 81 69 74 71
Manitoba 30 20 32 12 19 21 18 27 19 27
Saskatchewan 23 18 20 13 15 19 23 19 14 18
Alberta 43 50 40 33 34 44 32 33 31 25
British Columbia 66 53 65 60 70 64 46 44 59 47
Yukon 7 5 6 7 5 4 7 7 4 3
Northwest Territories 13 4 5 7 5 6 9 8 6 9
Nunavut 2 2 0 2 2 7 4 8 2 7
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 8 12 7 9 7 11 14 7 11 1
Fatal accidents by province/territory 46 42 45 33 44 34 38 38 33 36
Newfoundland and Labrador 3 1 3 1 1 0 1 0 2 1
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Nova Scotia 0 3 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 1
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 2
Quebec 6 7 10 6 10 4 6 5 9 9
Ontario 10 10 14 6 7 4 6 7 6 9
Manitoba 2 1 0 2 2 0 3 1 0 1
Saskatchewan 1 2 1 2 1 4 5 0 2 0
Alberta 3 2 5 2 5 6 3 8 1 2
British Columbia 13 13 10 8 16 9 10 10 8 7
Yukon 3 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0
Northwest Territories 3 0 0 1 0 1 1 2 1 3
Nunavut 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 1 3 1 2 1 4 1 4 2 0
Fatalities by province/territory 76 67 76 57 69 55 56 64 70 70
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 2 5 1 2 0 1 0 18 2
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Nova Scotia 0 3 0 8 0 0 1 0 0 2
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 2
Quebec 12 15 15 7 14 7 7 7 15 26
Ontario 12 14 30 22 11 6 7 8 12 14
Manitoba 4 1 0 2 2 0 5 1 0 1
Saskatchewan 1 2 1 2 2 4 6 0 4 0
Alberta 5 3 7 2 8 9 5 12 1 4
British Columbia 20 22 16 8 28 16 17 26 14 15
Yukon 5 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0
Northwest Territories 8 0 0 2 0 6 3 2 2 3
Nunavut 3 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 1 5 1 2 1 5 3 7 2 0
Table 8 Accidents Involving Canadian-Registered Aircraft by Province/Territory (excluding ultralights) 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Data extracted July 21, 2011.

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

 
Accidents by province/territory 296 274 295 252 259 262 285 252 249 244
Newfoundland and Labrador 10 6 9 5 5 3 5 5 3 3
Prince Edward Island 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Nova Scotia 3 7 1 3 0 0 3 2 1 7
New Brunswick 4 2 1 5 5 2 7 1 2 4
Quebec 48 42 55 44 56 48 61 50 60 52
Ontario 64 74 80 71 57 52 71 62 61 55
Manitoba 28 17 28 12 18 17 17 24 19 25
Saskatchewan 18 18 16 13 13 18 21 18 12 18
Alberta 36 46 34 29 28 41 31 28 28 24
British Columbia 58 41 54 46 59 53 36 33 44 38
Yukon 4 4 4 6 3 4 6 7 2 3
Northwest Territories 12 4 5 7 5 6 9 8 5 8
Nunavut 2 1 0 2 2 7 4 7 1 6
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 8 12 7 9 7 11 14 7 10 1
Fatal accidents by province/territory 33 31 32 24 34 31 33 26 28 31
Newfoundland and Labrador 1 1 2 1 1 0 1 0 2 1
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Nova Scotia 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
Quebec 6 6 5 4 9 3 4 4 8 8
Ontario 6 5 11 2 6 4 6 4 5 8
Manitoba 2 1 0 2 2 0 3 1 0 1
Saskatchewan 0 2 1 2 0 3 4 0 1 0
Alberta 2 2 3 2 2 6 3 4 1 2
British Columbia 11 9 8 6 12 9 9 6 8 5
Yukon 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0
Northwest Territories 3 0 0 1 0 1 1 2 1 2
Nunavut 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 1 3 1 2 1 4 1 4 1 0
Fatalities by province/territory 60 51 59 37 55 52 50 51 64 64
Newfoundland and Labrador 3 2 3 1 2 0 1 0 18 2
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Nova Scotia 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
Quebec 12 14 9 4 12 6 5 6 14 25
Ontario 8 6 27 14 10 6 7 4 11 12
Manitoba 4 1 0 2 2 0 5 1 0 1
Saskatchewan 0 2 1 2 0 3 5 0 2 0
Alberta 4 3 4 2 4 9 5 8 1 4
British Columbia 17 16 13 6 23 16 15 22 14 13
Yukon 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0
Northwest Territories 8 0 0 2 0 6 3 2 2 2
Nunavut 3 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 1 5 1 2 1 5 3 7 1 0


Table 9 Reportable Aircraft Incidents 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Data extracted July 21, 2011.

Reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Reportable incidents include aeroplanes having a maximum certificated take-off weight (MCTOW) greater than 5700 kg, and rotorcraft having a MCTOW greater than 2250 kg.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Incidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

* "Number of aircraft involved in incidents" are aircraft counts, all other data are incident counts.

  1. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
  2. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
  3. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.
 
Incidents by type 833 843 781 865 796 807 874 886 785 815
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 195 188 141 216 174 168 168 172 152 206
Declared emergency 249 279 279 264 222 260 298 314 311 309
Engine failure 170 151 122 134 139 130 129 120 106 87
Smoke/Fire 107 98 96 90 99 102 123 107 96 82
Collision 19 22 16 21 12 21 13 8 9 4
Control difficulties 32 31 41 43 44 41 41 39 24 32
Crew unable to perform duties 15 38 49 55 67 57 65 77 59 50
Dangerous goods-related 6 1 2 0 1 2 3 1 3 1
Depressurization 20 18 21 9 14 9 13 17 6 11
Fuel shortage 2 3 6 13 10 6 8 7 4 9
Failure to remain in landing area 7 8 3 11 11 7 9 18 9 14
Incorrect fuel 0 1 0 2 1 1 0 1 0 0
Slung load released 8 3 4 5 1 3 3 5 3 9
Transmission or gearbox failure 3 2 1 2 1 0 1 0 3 1
Incidents by operator type 833 843 781 865 796 807 874 886 785 815
Commercial 784 774 736 819 732 772 823 856 746 776
Airliner (705) 579 560 524 578 488 528 563 589 498 519
Commuter (704) 89 84 68 91 89 80 75 94 87 85
Air taxi (703) 27 42 34 37 39 51 25 36 43 32
Aerial work (702) 19 18 33 38 22 20 20 24 31 26
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 128 126 121 144 151 165 196 180 135 169
State 38 33 26 29 28 21 29 17 22 26
Corporate 32 47 33 34 45 30 43 21 29 20
Private/Other operator type (b) 31 46 19 37 40 32 24 34 27 32
Incidents by aircraft type 833 843 781 865 796 807 874 886 785 815
Aeroplane 811 822 757 845 779 787 854 869 767 790
Helicopter 26 23 30 28 20 29 22 19 21 33
Ultralight/Other aircraft type (c) 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1
Number of aircraft involved in incidents* 1003 1010 906 1038 956 974 1031 1051 910 979
Aeroplanes 976 985 875 1008 935 942 1009 1032 887 945
Helicopters 27 24 31 30 20 30 22 19 22 33
Ultralight/Other aircraft type (c) 0 1 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 1
Incidents by province/territory 833 843 781 865 796 807 874 886 785 815
Newfoundland and Labrador 38 25 16 19 25 24 19 21 16 30
Prince Edward Island 3 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 0
Nova Scotia 24 13 18 23 14 17 26 20 18 25
New Brunswick 16 9 5 10 11 14 17 12 5 10
Quebec 90 87 104 85 123 101 127 127 97 109
Ontario 236 317 240 248 220 244 264 273 194 176
Manitoba 42 42 46 53 39 43 52 59 46 51
Saskatchewan 34 24 23 22 14 20 19 28 18 19
Alberta 106 95 99 118 108 111 79 89 106 84
British Columbia 125 110 99 142 93 83 133 120 162 156
Yukon 8 6 3 4 3 4 4 4 6 4
Northwest Territories 26 22 18 29 28 26 29 27 14 23
Nunavut 12 9 8 11 15 10 12 16 8 20
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 1 0 0 10 23 30 23 10 26 25
Outside Canada 72 83 101 89 79 78 69 78 67 83
Table 10 Reportable Incidents Involving Canadian-Registered Aircraft 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Data extracted July 21, 2011.

Reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Reportable incidents include aeroplanes having a maximum certificated take-off weight (MCTOW) greater than 5700 kg, and rotorcraft having a MCTOW greater than 2250 kg.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Incidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

* "Number of aircraft involved in Incidents" are aircraft counts, all other data are incident counts.

  1. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
  2. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
  3. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.
Incidents by type 722 732 677 734 650 658 691 728 656 667
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 170 169 124 182 150 150 152 149 137 179
Declared emergency 208 231 229 204 152 184 186 235 236 238
Engine failure 157 134 104 118 116 106 108 98 93 67
Smoke/Fire 92 83 82 81 85 86 106 90 84 71
Collision 17 19 16 21 8 18 9 7 7 3
Control difficulties 28 28 41 41 41 31 38 32 18 24
Crew unable to perform duties 13 37 48 51 67 56 63 75 57 49
Dangerous goods-related 6 0 2 0 1 2 3 1 3 1
Depressurization 15 18 17 7 12 9 11 15 3 10
Fuel shortage 2 1 6 10 5 6 4 4 4 6
Failure to remain in landing area 4 6 3 10 10 6 7 16 8 9
Incorrect fuel 0 1 0 2 1 1 0 1 0 0
Slung load released 8 3 4 5 1 3 3 5 3 9
Transmission or gearbox failure 2 2 1 2 1 0 1 0 3 1
Incidents by operator type 722 732 677 734 650 658 691 728 656 667
Commercial 686 677 636 700 604 634 660 703 625 637
Airliner (705) 578 560 520 578 487 524 563 585 494 518
Commuter (704) 89 84 68 91 89 79 75 94 87 85
Air taxi (703) 27 42 34 37 39 51 25 36 43 31
Aerial work (702) 19 18 33 38 22 20 17 24 30 26
Other commercial type (a) 31 29 25 25 24 31 36 31 19 31
State 32 29 26 27 25 20 28 16 20 22
Corporate 24 37 29 26 29 21 23 17 21 17
Private/Other operator type (b) 29 41 16 31 34 28 22 32 26 29
Incidents by aircraft type 722 732 677 734 650 658 691 728 656 667
Aeroplane 701 712 653 715 633 638 673 711 638 643
Helicopter 25 23 30 27 20 29 20 19 21 32
Ultralight/Other aircraft type (c) 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1
Number of aircraft involved in incidents* 869 886 786 886 785 803 833 873 772 813
Aeroplanes 843 862 755 857 764 771 813 854 749 780
Helicopters 26 24 31 29 20 30 20 19 22 32
Ultralight/Other aircraft type (c) 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 1
Incidents by province/territory 722 732 677 734 650 658 691 728 656 667
Newfoundland and Labrador 25 15 9 10 14 13 10 13 7 13
Prince Edward Island 2 1 1 1 0 2 0 1 1 0
Nova Scotia 22 9 12 18 7 12 17 12 13 19
New Brunswick 14 7 3 10 7 9 12 7 3 8
Quebec 75 73 85 66 98 79 90 96 77 90
Ontario 210 276 205 211 175 198 202 222 167 141
Manitoba 34 38 40 43 31 35 43 49 40 45
Saskatchewan 30 20 18 19 11 19 16 26 16 15
Alberta 97 88 88 105 95 99 67 76 92 74
British Columbia 109 97 87 122 85 72 120 103 141 134
Yukon 6 5 3 2 2 2 4 2 6 3
Northwest Territories 23 21 18 28 26 22 29 27 14 21
Nunavut 8 8 8 8 13 10 7 13 7 16
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 2 7 8 5 3 5 5
Outside Canada 67 74 100 89 79 78 69 78 67 83


Table 11 Number of Accidents Involving Aeroplanes by Phase of Flight and Selected Event Category 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Total

Data extracted July 21, 2011.

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns do not add up to totals. For example, in the "Take-off" phase, if an occurrence involves both  "Control loss" and "Power loss" events, the occurrence is counted in each event category, but only once in the phase total.

a. Manoeuvering (i.e., low altitude/aerobatic flight operations) does not occur on all flights.

 
Standing/Taxiing 22 25 25 16 21 20 16 13 20 17 195
Collision with object 7 7 9 5 8 8 6 6 9 6 71
Collision with moving aircraft 2 3 1 1 1 4 2 4 3 1 22
Nosedown/Overturned 0 2 6 4 2 1 0 1 1 4 21
Landing gear collapsed/retracted 2 4 3 1 2 1 1 0 4 2 20
Loss of control 3 2 2 2 0 2 1 0 1 3 16
Other events 18 17 16 8 14 11 10 6 9 8 117
Take-off 60 62 55 57 50 48 52 40 49 55 528
Collision with terrain 28 22 20 11 22 18 10 10 14 16 171
Loss of control 19 16 18 16 18 14 13 7 15 15 151
Collision with object 11 15 13 16 11 18 17 14 16 14 145
Take-off/Landing event 11 18 12 21 10 10 17 5 13 13 130
Power loss 16 14 12 11 12 9 14 14 12 14 128
Other events 28 30 24 43 25 19 26 20 22 28 265
En route 42 35 49 25 34 41 29 34 40 30 359
Power loss 18 14 25 11 14 18 11 18 25 13 167
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 11 10 15 6 8 6 6 14 9 11 96
Collision with terrain 12 11 8 6 8 16 6 5 10 7 89
Component/System related 5 6 9 4 7 5 9 4 8 6 63
Other events 24 21 22 13 14 21 15 13 18 18 179
Manoeuvering (a) 25 14 13 9 17 11 12 12 3 11 127
Collision with terrain 11 5 7 2 10 4 8 3 2 5 57
Loss of control 10 5 4 4 3 1 5 3 1 3 39
Collision with object 3 2 4 3 2 4 2 4 0 7 31
Power loss 7 2 2 0 5 0 0 4 1 1 22
Other events 14 8 4 5 6 5 4 6 1 3 56
Approach 46 27 35 32 31 25 28 29 30 28 311
Collision with terrain 15 5 15 9 14 5 5 8 12 11 99
Power loss 7 5 6 5 9 9 6 8 7 7 69
Collision with object 8 8 8 4 5 4 9 8 3 6 63
Component/System related 13 5 3 8 5 3 6 6 9 2 60
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 4 5 7 7 4 5 1 6 4 5 48
Loss of control 7 0 9 7 3 4 3 5 3 6 47
Other events 22 10 10 11 16 6 13 4 13 9 114
Landing 141 113 148 133 105 116 149 114 121 112 1252
Missed or went off runway 33 34 38 35 37 27 39 21 29 29 322
Collision with object 32 29 44 24 23 30 32 21 23 25 283
Landing gear collapsed/retracted 39 23 26 23 7 16 30 28 18 26 236
Nosedown/Overturned 24 21 24 30 17 21 26 25 22 18 228
Loss of control 23 21 27 29 18 14 25 16 23 20 216
Hard landing 23 11 21 18 11 20 35 16 18 23 196
Collision with terrain 22 13 25 29 20 10 21 19 15 18 192
Wheels-up landing 10 11 11 14 6 5 12 8 12 7 96
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 7 5 16 5 5 8 6 5 11 5 73
Other events 49 44 48 33 40 46 39 32 34 40 405
Post-impact 17 17 20 18 20 12 13 13 12 20 162
Fire/Explosion/Fumes 10 11 12 8 13 7 8 9 8 15 101
Other events 7 7 9 11 7 5 6 5 5 5 67
Table 12 Number of Accidents Involving Helicopters by Phase of Flight and Selected Event Category 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Total

Data extracted July 21, 2011.

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns do not add up to totals. For example, in the "Take-off" phase, if an occurrence involves both  "Control loss" and "Power loss" events, the occurrence is counted in each event category, but only once in the phase total.

a. Manoeuvering (i.e., low altitude/aerobatic flight operations) does not occur on all flights.

 
Standing/Taxiing 5 4 2 8 9 6 4 3 3 0 44
Collision with terrain 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 0 1 0 11
Loss of control 1 2 1 0 1 2 1 1 0 0 9
Collision with object 1 1 0 0 1 1 3 1 0 0 8
Other events 4 3 2 7 8 5 2 2 3 0 36
Take-off 7 9 5 7 10 11 7 7 4 2 69
Loss of control 2 4 2 3 4 7 4 4 1 1 32
Collision with terrain 2 5 2 3 3 6 2 3 2 2 30
Collision with object 3 2 1 1 2 2 1 0 1 1 14
Power loss 1 2 1 0 1 2 0 1 1 0 9
Other events 3 5 2 5 5 5 4 6 1 1 37
En route 10 7 7 7 8 12 12 11 11 7 92
Collision with terrain 4 2 1 2 4 5 6 6 3 3 36
Power loss 1 2 3 3 2 6 4 4 5 3 33
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 4 2 3 2 3 3 3 2 1 1 24
Component/System related 3 2 0 2 3 2 0 2 1 1 16
Other events 6 4 4 5 4 3 5 8 5 2 46
Manoeuvering (a) 8 16 13 13 11 14 13 9 7 9 113
Collision with terrain 3 3 2 8 7 5 5 4 3 3 43
Loss of control 2 5 3 3 5 0 7 2 3 2 32
Collision with object 3 2 1 4 0 7 1 2 2 4 26
Operations related event 2 4 3 4 1 4 4 1 1 1 25
Power loss 2 5 6 3 1 0 2 2 2 2 25
Other events 6 9 6 5 4 8 7 5 5 4 59
Approach 9 10 7 2 6 2 4 3 5 4 52
Collision with terrain 3 1 0 2 2 1 1 2 3 4 19
Power loss 5 4 1 0 2 1 1 0 1 0 15
Loss of control 3 2 3 1 2 0 0 0 0 1 12
Collision with object 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 6
Other events 3 6 6 1 2 1 2 2 3 3 29
Landing 20 31 24 15 19 21 16 17 15 15 193
Hard landing 7 8 8 3 2 9 5 6 2 4 54
Collision with terrain 2 14 6 0 5 3 1 5 5 4 45
Loss of control 6 3 4 6 5 4 2 6 2 1 39
Collision with object 5 4 3 3 4 5 4 3 4 4 39
Other events 11 14 15 8 8 7 9 4 9 7 92
Post-impact 5 5 5 4 9 4 4 3 4 4 47
Fire/Explosion/Fumes 1 0 3 2 7 3 3 2 3 1 25
Other events 4 5 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 3 22

APPENDIX B—DEFINITIONS

The following definitions apply to aviation occurrences that are required to be reported pursuant to the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act and the associated regulations.

Aviation Occurrence

  1. Any accident or incident associated with the operation of an aircraft; and
  2. Any situation or condition that the Board has reasonable grounds to believe could, if left unattended, induce an accident or incident described in a) above.

Reportable Aviation Accident

An accident resulting directly from the operation of an aircraft where

  1. a person sustains a serious injury or is killed as a result of
    1. being on board the aircraft;
    2. coming into contact with any part of the aircraft or its contents; or
    3. being directly exposed to the jet blast or rotor downwash of the aircraft;
  2. the aircraft sustains damage that adversely affects the structural strength, performance or flight characteristics of the aircraft and that requires major repair or replacement of any affected component part; or
  3. the aircraft is missing or inaccessible.

Reportable Aviation Incident

An incident resulting directly from the operation of an aeroplane having a maximum certificated take-off weight (MCTOW) greater than 5700 kg, or from the operation of a rotorcraft having a MCTOW greater than 2250 kg, where

  1. an engine fails or is shut down as a precautionary measure;
  2. a transmission gearbox malfunction occurs;
  3. smoke or fire occurs;
  4. difficulties in controlling the aircraft are encountered owing to any aircraft system malfunction, weather phenomena, wake turbulence, uncontrolled vibrations or operations outside the flight envelope;
  5. the aircraft fails to remain within the intended landing or take-off area, lands with all or part of the landing gear retracted, or drags a wing tip, an engine pod, or any other part of the aircraft;
  6. any crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the aircraft is unable to perform the crew member's duties as a result of physical incapacitation that poses a threat to the safety of any person, property, or the environment;
  7. depressurization occurs that necessitates an emergency descent;
  8. a fuel shortage occurs that necessitates a diversion or requires approach and landing priority at the destination of the aircraft;
  9. the aircraft is refuelled with the incorrect type of fuel or contaminated fuel;
  10. a collision, risk of collision, or loss of separation occurs;
  11. a crew member declares an emergency or indicates any degree of emergency that requires priority handling by an air traffic control unit or the standing by of emergency response services;
  12. a slung load is released unintentionally or as a precautionary or emergency measure from the aircraft; or
  13. any dangerous goods are released in or from the aircraft.

Serious Injury

An injury that is sustained by a person in an accident and that

  1. requires hospitalization for more than 48 hours, commencing within seven days of the date the injury was received; or
  2. results in a fracture of any bone (except simple fractures of fingers, toes or nose); or
  3. involves lacerations that cause severe haemorrhage or nerve, muscle or tendon damage; or
  4. involves injury to any internal organ; or
  5. involves second-or third-degree burns, or any burns affecting more than 5% of the body surface; or
  6. involves verified exposure to infectious substances or injurious radiation.

ATS-Related Event

Any event related to the provision of air traffic control services including, but not limited to, failure or inability to provide service, emergency handling, or loss of in-flight separation.

Air Proximity Event

A situation in which, in the opinion of a pilot or air traffic services personnel, the distance between aircraft as well as their positions and speed have been such that the safety of the aircraft involved may have been compromised.

Commercial Operators

Commercial operators include carriers that offer a "for-hire" service to transport people or goods, or to undertake specific tasks such as aerial photography, flight training, or crop spraying.

Airliner

An aeroplane used by a Canadian air operator in an air transport service or in aerial work involving sightseeing operations, that has a MCTOW of more than 8618 kg (19 000 pounds) or for which a Canadian type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of 20 or more passengers.

Commuter Aircraft

An aeroplane used by a Canadian air operator, in an air transport service or in aerial work involving sightseeing operations, in which the aircraft is:

  1. a multi-engined aircraft that has a MCTOW of 8618 kg (19 000 pounds) or less and a seating configuration, excluding pilot seats, of 10 to 19 inclusive;
  2. a turbo-jet-powered aeroplane that has a maximum zero fuel weight of 22 680 kg (50 000 pounds) or less and for which a Canadian type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of not more than 19 passengers.

Aerial Work Aircraft

A commercially operated aeroplane or helicopter used in aerial work involving

  1. the carriage on board of persons other than flight crew members;
  2. the carriage of helicopter external loads;
  3. the towing of objects; or
  4. the dispersal of products.

Air Taxi Aircraft

A commercially operated aircraft used in an air transport service or in aerial work involving sightseeing operations, in which the aircraft is:

  1. a single-engined aircraft;
  2. a multi-engined aircraft, other than a turbo-jet-powered aeroplane, that has a MCTOW of 8618 kg (19 000 pounds) or less and a seating configuration, excluding pilot seats, of nine or less; or
  3. any aircraft that is authorized by the Minister of Transport to be operated under Part VII, Subpart 3, Division 1 of the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs).

State Operators

State operators include the federal and provincial governments.

Corporate Operators

Corporate operators include companies flying for business reasons.

Private Operators

Private operators include individuals flying for pleasure. Included are flights on which it is not possible to transport people or cargo on a “for-hire” basis.


  1. It is agreed by convention that, for a result to be considered statistically significant, its probability must be lower than 1 in 20 (that is, p<.05). 
  2. As some occurrences involve more than one aircraft, users are cautioned to note differences between the number of occurrences and the number of aircraft involved in occurrences. All tables except Table 1 exclude ultralight aircraft; all tables except Tables 1 and 4 also exclude balloons, gliders and gyrocopters. 
  3. Canadian-registered aircraft (excluding ultralights). 
  4. Manoeuvering (i.e., low altitude/aerobatic flight operations) does not occur on all flights.