Statistical Summary – Aviation Occurrences 2016

Table of contents

  1. Foreward
  2. Tables

Foreword

This document is a summary of selected 2016 aviation safety data.

The TSB gathers and uses this data during the course of its investigations to analyse safety deficiencies and identify risks in the Canadian transportation system.

The 2016 data were collected according to the reporting requirements described in the TSB Regulations in force during that calendar year. 

The statistics presented here reflect the TSB database at 29 March 2017. Since the occurrence data are constantly being updated in the live database, the statistics may change slightly over time.

Also, as many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded on some occurrences may not have been verified.

The following data tables are associated with the Statistical Summary – Aviation Occurrences 2016:

Tables

Table 1. Reportable aviation occurrences 2007-2016
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Accidents 323 294 297 288 257 291 276 249 251 229
Accidents in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 300 274 271 273 240 267 262 238 232 213
Accidents outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 13 7 11 1 7 8 4 4 10 8
Accidents in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 10 15 15 14 10 17 10 7 9 8
Accidents by operator type 323 294 297 288 257 291 276 249 251 229
Commercial 128 125 114 109 99 92 84 82 74 62
Airliner (705) 4 6 2 6 6 5 7 4 9 1
Commuter (704) 4 6 6 7 6 5 3 2 3 2
Air taxi (703) 54 64 42 45 37 33 33 34 23 26
Aerial work (702) 34 19 21 29 27 26 21 17 18 16
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 33 31 43 22 23 24 20 26 21 18
State 2 3 3 5 2 3 6 4 1 0
Corporate 6 2 4 2 5 4 4 3 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 187 165 179 172 152 192 183 161 177 167
Accidents by aircraft type 323 294 297 288 257 291 276 249 251 229
Aeroplane 243 208 223 220 201 205 212 176 197 173
Helicopter 46 44 33 31 36 41 27 34 33 28
Ultralight 30 29 35 30 17 36 23 32 17 22
Other aircraft type (c) 5 13 7 7 3 9 15 8 7 6
Number of aircraft involved in accidents* 327 300 303 290 261 296 280 253 259 233
Aeroplanes 245 214 228 222 204 209 215 179 202 177
Helicopters 47 44 33 31 36 42 27 34 33 28
Ultralights 30 29 35 30 17 36 23 32 17 22
Other aircraft type(c) 5 13 7 7 4 9 15 8 7 6
Fatal accidents by aircraft type 38 38 34 37 35 42 38 14 29 29
Aeroplane 25 16 21 29 23 25 25 12 20 22
Helicopter 6 9 8 3 8 7 6 0 5 2
Ultralight 5 12 4 3 3 8 4 2 4 4
Other aircraft type (c) 2 1 1 2 1 2 4 0 0 1
Fatalities 56 64 71 72 66 63 65 21 47 45
Serious injuries 65 51 45 36 49 48 22 36 32 17
Accidents in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 10 15 15 14 10 17 10 7 9 8
Fatal accidents 0 0 2 2 2 1 2 2 3 1
Fatalities 0 0 2 2 2 1 2 4 4 7
Serious injuries 2 5 3 1 1 4 0 1 0 0
Occurrences with a dangerous good release 4 1 3 1 0 1 4 4 6 6
Incidents (d) 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789 833
Incidents in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 622 650 591 582 521 481 540 596 649 614
Incidents outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 69 78 67 82 55 49 39 58 62 123
Incidents in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 224 195 155 188 127 129 126 100 106 117
Incidents by type (d) 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789 833
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 168 172 153 206 120 101 115 94 111 139
Declared emergency 298 314 313 310 275 260 291 313 333 311
Engine failure 129 120 107 87 95 90 83 104 110 110
Smoke/Fire 123 107 97 80 88 71 67 88 87 85
Collision 13 8 9 4 7 5 15 16 8 18
Other incident type 143 166 111 126 92 109 115 124 140 170
Data extracted March 29, 2017
Accidents and reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Accidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.
* "Number of aircraft involved in accidents" are aircraft counts, all other data are accident counts.
a. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
b. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
c. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
d. New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under new reporting requirements aviation incidents include: a) aircraft having a maximum certificated take-off weight greater than 2 250 kg (formerly 5700 kg); b) aircraft being operated under an air operator certificate issued under CARS Part VII.
Table 2. Occurrences involving Canadian-registered aircraft 2007-2016
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Accidents by aircraft and operator type (a) 284 252 249 244 230 239 243 212 227 199
Aeroplane accidents 234 197 210 209 192 191 204 170 190 166
Commercial 84 85 88 77 71 62 58 55 51 41
Airliner (705) 4 6 2 6 5 5 7 4 9 1
Commuter (704) 4 6 5 6 4 5 3 1 3 2
Air taxi (703) 40 41 34 29 26 19 19 19 12 16
Aerial work (702) 11 12 11 18 14 14 12 8 10 7
Other commercial type 25 21 36 18 22 19 17 23 17 16
State 1 3 1 3 2 1 2 3 1 0
Corporate 4 2 2 2 2 1 3 1 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 145 107 122 127 118 127 142 112 139 125
Helicopter accidents 45 42 32 29 35 41 27 34 32 27
Commercial 36 33 22 27 26 28 22 26 23 18
State 1 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 0 0
Corporate 2 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 6 9 9 2 8 10 4 7 9 9
Other aircraft type (c) 5 13 7 6 3 7 13 8 7 6
Fatal accidents by aircraft and operator type (a) 33 26 28 32 30 33 32 10 23 24
Aeroplane accidents 25 16 20 28 21 25 24 10 18 21
Commercial 10 3 6 12 11 6 8 2 6 3
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Commuter (704) 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
Air taxi (703) 5 3 5 7 6 3 5 1 3 1
Aerial work (702) 1 0 0 4 2 2 1 1 2 1
Other commercial type 3 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1
State 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 1 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 14 11 14 16 10 19 15 8 13 18
Helicopter accidents 6 9 7 3 8 7 6 0 5 2
Other aircraft type (c) 2 1 1 1 1 1 3 0 0 1
Fatalities (a) 50 51 64 66 61 54 59 15 40 34
Serious injuries (a) 56 41 34 31 43 38 19 29 29 16
Incidents by type (d) 691 728 658 664 576 530 579 654 711 737
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 152 149 137 179 106 92 105 84 101 127
Declared emergency 186 234 237 238 224 200 231 277 290 263
Engine failure 108 98 94 67 87 77 70 94 102 102
Smoke/Fire 106 90 84 69 67 59 55 76 79 75
Collision 9 7 7 3 7 4 14 15 7 16
Other incident type 130 150 99 108 85 98 104 108 132 154
Accidents involving ultralight aircraft 30 29 34 30 17 36 23 31 16 22
Fatal accidents 5 12 4 3 3 8 4 2 3 4
Fatalities 6 13 5 4 3 8 4 2 3 4
Serious injuries 7 5 8 4 5 6 3 6 3 1
Data extracted March 29, 2017
Accidents and reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Number of accidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.
a. Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, excluding ultralights.
b. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e. flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
c. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
d. New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under new reporting requirements aviation incidents include: a) aircraft having a maximum certificated take-off weight greater than 2 250 kg (formerly 5700 kg); b) aircraft being operated under an air operator certificate issued under CARS Part VII.
Table 3a. Accident rates involving Canadian-registered aircraft (per hours flown, excluding ultralights and other aircraft types) 2007-2016
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Accidents 279 239 242 238 227 232 231 204 222 193
Fatal accidents 31 25 27 31 29 32 30 10 23 23
Fatalities 47 50 63 65 59 53 57 15 40 33
Hours flown (thousands) (a) 4,198 4,241 3,866 3,990 4,277 4,389 4,289 4,263 4,289 4,301
Accidents per 100,000 hours 6.6 5.6 6.3 6.0 5.3 5.3 5.4 4.8 5.2 4.5
Fatal accidents per 100,000 hours 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.5 0.5
Fatalities per 100,000 hours 1.1 1.2 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.3 0.4 0.9 0.8
Data extracted March 29, 2017
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Canadian-registered aircraft, excluding ultralights, balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.
a. Source: Transport Canada (2014 to 2016 hours flown are estimated).
Table 3b. Aircraft accident rates in Canada (per movements, excluding ultralights and other aircraft types) 2007-2016
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Accidents 277 245 246 250 230 238 235 206 220 195
Fatal accidents 30 21 28 32 30 31 28 11 21 23
Fatalities 44 43 64 66 60 52 52 17 39 37
Aircraft movements (thousands) (a) 6,682 6,711 6,380 6,262 6,112 6,097 5,959 5,947 5,946 5,948
Accidents per 100,000 aircraft movements 4.1 3.7 3.9 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.5 3.7 3.3
Fatal accidents per 100,000 aircraft movements 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.4
Fatalities per 100,000 aircraft movements 0.7 0.6 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.3 0.7 0.6
Data extracted March 29, 2017
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Excluding ultralights, balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.
a. Source: Statistics Canada.
Table 4. Aircraft accident fatalities 2007-2016
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Fatalities 56 64 71 72 66 63 65 21 47 45
Fatalities in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 53 57 67 70 63 61 57 15 39 35
Fatalities outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 3 7 2 0 1 1 6 2 4 3
Fatalities in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 0 0 2 2 2 1 2 4 4 7
Fatalities by operator type 56 64 71 72 66 63 65 21 47 45
Commercial 25 25 39 36 40 18 29 4 20 6
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 12 0 0 0 0 0
Commuter (704) 1 0 17 1 2 1 5 0 0 0
Air taxi (703) 10 20 18 28 16 12 19 2 12 1
Aerial work (702) 9 5 1 7 8 3 4 2 6 2
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 6 0 3 0 2 2 1 0 2 3
State 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Corporate 1 7 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 30 32 32 36 24 44 35 17 29 39
Crew fatalities by operator type 37 35 35 40 37 40 44 15 29 25
Commercial 17 8 12 17 20 11 21 3 10 3
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
Commuter (704) 0 0 2 1 2 0 2 0 0 0
Air taxi (703) 7 6 7 11 7 7 14 1 4 1
Aerial work (702) 6 2 1 5 5 2 4 2 4 1
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 5 0 2 0 2 2 1 0 2 1
State 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Corporate 1 2 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 19 25 23 23 15 28 22 12 21 22
Passenger fatalities by operator type 19 28 36 31 29 22 20 6 18 20
Commercial 8 16 27 18 20 6 8 1 10 3
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 8 0 0 0 0 0
Commuter (704) 1 0 15 0 0 1 3 0 0 0
Air taxi (703) 3 14 11 16 9 5 5 1 8 0
Aerial work (702) 3 2 0 2 3 0 0 0 2 1
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
State 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 11 7 9 13 9 16 12 5 8 17
Ground fatalities 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0
Fatalities by aircraft type 56 64 71 72 66 63 65 21 47 45
Aeroplane 39 34 38 59 46 44 46 19 35 37
Helicopter 8 16 27 7 15 9 12 0 8 3
Ultralight 6 13 5 4 3 8 4 2 4 4
Other aircraft type (c) 3 1 1 2 2 2 7 0 0 1
Data extracted March 29, 2017
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Fatalities by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, a fatality is counted in each category, but only once in the total.
a. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
b. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
c. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
Table 5. Aircraft accident serious injuries 2007-2016
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Serious injuries 65 50 45 36 49 48 22 36 32 17
Serious injuries in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 61 45 41 35 39 39 22 35 28 16
Serious injuries outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 2 0 1 0 9 5 0 0 4 1
Serious injuries in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 2 5 3 1 1 4 0 1 0 0
Serious injuries by operator type 65 50 45 36 49 48 22 36 32 17
Commercial 33 25 14 18 31 22 11 10 15 7
Airliner (705) 0 1 1 1 10 1 0 0 3 2
Commuter (704) 1 2 1 4 7 2 2 0 0 0
Air taxi (703) 15 18 6 7 9 15 6 5 8 3
Aerial work (702) 14 3 3 5 5 1 3 3 3 2
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 3 1 3 1 0 3 0 2 1 0
State 3 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 28 25 26 17 18 26 11 26 17 10
Crew serious injuries by operator type 30 25 26 22 18 24 13 23 18 8
Commercial 11 12 8 8 6 6 4 5 6 3
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Commuter (704) 1 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0
Air taxi (703) 3 9 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2
Aerial work (702) 6 2 3 4 4 1 2 1 3 1
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 1 1 3 1 0 2 0 2 0 0
State 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 18 13 15 13 12 18 9 18 12 5
Passenger serious injuries by operator type 32 25 19 13 30 23 8 12 14 7
Commercial 22 13 6 10 24 15 6 5 9 3
Airliner (705) 0 1 1 1 10 0 0 0 2 2
Commuter (704) 0 2 1 3 7 0 2 0 0 0
Air taxi (703) 12 9 4 5 7 14 4 3 6 1
Aerial work (702) 8 1 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
State 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 7 12 11 3 6 8 2 7 5 4
Ground serious injuries 3 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 2
Serious injuries by aircraft type 65 50 45 36 49 48 22 36 32 17
Aeroplane 32 29 24 28 36 31 13 21 24 9
Helicopter 13 14 11 3 8 7 6 7 5 6
Ultralight 7 5 8 4 5 6 3 7 3 1
Other aircraft type (c) 13 2 2 1 0 4 0 1 0 1
Data extracted March 29, 2017
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Serious injuries by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, a serious injury is counted in each category, but only once in the total.
a. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
b. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
c. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
Table 6. Accidents involving Canadian-registered aeroplanes and helicopters by operation type 2007-2016
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Aeroplane accidents by operation type 234 197 210 209 192 191 204 170 190 166
Training 33 30 43 28 28 27 24 27 16 20
Pleasure/Travel 118 83 109 108 102 109 127 96 125 111
Business 15 7 4 6 7 4 2 9 1 3
Forest fire management 0 1 3 2 1 2 3 2 2 1
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 8 4 0 6 4 4 4 5 2 2
Aerial application 8 9 4 10 4 3 7 4 5 6
Inspection 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0
Air transport 40 46 34 37 35 28 26 22 22 15
Air ambulance 2 3 5 2 1 1 0 1 0 3
Sightseeing 1 2 2 1 2 6 1 1 1 0
Other/Unknown 9 11 8 9 10 8 11 4 16 6
Aeroplane fatal accidents by operation type 25 16 20 28 21 25 24 10 18 21
Training 3 0 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1
Pleasure/Travel 10 8 13 15 10 16 11 7 12 15
Business 1 2 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
Forest fire management 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 4 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1
Aerial application 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2
Inspection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Air transport 4 3 4 7 8 4 5 1 2 1
Air ambulance 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sightseeing 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Other/Unknown 0 1 0 2 1 3 3 0 2 0
Helicopter accidents by operation type 45 42 32 29 35 41 27 34 32 27
Training 3 6 5 0 2 1 1 2 5 1
Pleasure/Travel 4 9 5 2 9 8 2 7 8 9
Business 5 0 3 0 0 3 1 0 1 0
Forest fire management 0 0 4 1 2 1 3 0 2 0
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 3 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0
Aerial application 2 1 0 3 1 5 0 1 2 1
Inspection 1 0 0 1 2 2 2 3 0 1
Air transport 16 22 10 15 13 9 8 18 10 7
Air ambulance 0 1 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0
Sightseeing 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
Other/Unknown 12 3 4 6 5 10 7 2 4 8
Fatal helicopter accidents by operation type 6 9 7 3 8 7 6 0 5 2
Training 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Pleasure/Travel 0 3 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 1
Business 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Forest fire management 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Aerial application 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Inspection 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0
Air transport 3 4 3 2 1 1 3 0 3 0
Air ambulance 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Sightseeing 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Other/Unknown 2 2 0 0 1 3 1 0 0 1
Data extracted March 29, 2017
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Airplane accidents by operation type", when an occurrence involves a Business and an Inspection airplane, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.
Canadian-registered aircraft, excluding ultralights, balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.
Table 7. Aircraft accidents by province/territory 2007-2016
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Accidents by province/territory 323 294 297 288 257 291 276 249 251 229
Newfoundland and Labrador 6 7 3 3 3 5 3 5 6 5
Prince Edward Island 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 4 6 3 7 5 5 5 3 6 2
New Brunswick 8 1 2 5 3 3 2 6 2 5
Quebec 72 58 68 65 58 71 66 69 51 34
Ontario 81 69 74 71 63 67 72 67 74 49
Manitoba 18 27 19 27 17 18 13 12 14 17
Saskatchewan 23 19 14 18 18 9 19 12 13 10
Alberta 32 33 31 25 22 35 29 33 23 38
British Columbia 46 44 59 47 43 54 51 30 42 53
Yukon 7 7 4 3 8 8 4 4 6 2
Northwest Territories 8 8 6 9 6 5 3 3 2 3
Nunavut 5 8 2 7 4 3 4 1 2 3
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Outside Canada 13 7 11 1 7 8 4 4 10 8
Fatal accidents by province/territory 38 38 34 37 35 42 38 14 29 29
Newfoundland and Labrador 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 1
Quebec 6 5 10 10 5 10 5 2 7 7
Ontario 6 7 6 9 6 10 9 5 6 5
Manitoba 3 1 0 1 1 3 2 0 1 1
Saskatchewan 5 0 2 0 3 1 2 1 2 2
Alberta 3 8 1 2 4 6 4 1 3 4
British Columbia 10 10 8 7 10 9 10 2 4 8
Yukon 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 1 2 1 3 2 0 1 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Outside Canada 1 4 2 0 1 1 3 1 4 1
Fatalities by province/territory 56 64 71 72 66 63 65 21 47 45
Newfoundland and Labrador 1 0 18 2 0 0 0 0 1 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 1 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 0 2
Quebec 7 7 16 28 9 11 5 2 16 15
Ontario 7 8 12 14 9 19 19 8 10 5
Manitoba 5 1 0 1 1 4 5 0 1 2
Saskatchewan 6 0 4 0 7 5 3 2 3 2
Alberta 5 12 1 4 5 6 5 1 4 4
British Columbia 17 26 14 15 16 15 17 3 7 12
Yukon 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 3 2 2 3 4 0 1 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 1 12 1 0 0 0 0
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0
Outside Canada 3 7 2 0 1 1 6 2 4 3
Data extracted March 29, 2017
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Table 8. Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft by province/territory (excluding ultralights) 2007-2016
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Accidents by province/territory 284 252 249 244 230 239 243 212 227 199
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 5 3 3 3 5 3 4 6 4
Prince Edward Island 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 3 2 1 7 3 3 5 2 5 2
New Brunswick 7 1 2 4 3 3 2 6 2 5
Quebec 61 50 60 52 52 52 57 57 44 28
Ontario 71 62 61 55 56 54 59 53 66 42
Manitoba 17 24 19 25 16 15 13 11 13 17
Saskatchewan 21 18 12 18 17 8 18 10 12 10
Alberta 31 28 28 24 18 30 27 31 21 36
British Columbia 36 33 44 38 39 46 44 27 39 43
Yukon 6 7 2 3 7 7 4 4 6 1
Northwest Territories 8 8 5 8 6 5 3 2 2 3
Nunavut 5 7 1 6 3 3 3 1 1 2
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Outside Canada 13 7 10 1 7 8 4 4 10 6
Fatal accidents by province/territory 33 26 28 32 30 33 32 10 23 24
Newfoundland and Labrador 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 1
Quebec 4 4 8 9 5 4 3 1 6 5
Ontario 6 4 5 8 4 9 6 3 5 3
Manitoba 3 1 0 1 1 3 2 0 0 1
Saskatchewan 4 0 1 0 3 1 2 1 2 2
Alberta 3 4 1 2 3 5 4 1 3 4
British Columbia 9 6 8 5 9 8 9 2 2 7
Yukon 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 1 2 1 2 2 0 1 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Outside Canada 1 4 1 0 1 1 3 1 4 1
Fatalities by province/territory 50 51 64 66 61 54 59 15 40 34
Newfoundland and Labrador 1 0 18 2 0 0 0 0 1 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 0 2
Quebec 5 6 14 27 9 5 3 1 15 7
Ontario 7 4 11 12 7 18 16 4 9 3
Manitoba 5 1 0 1 1 4 5 0 0 2
Saskatchewan 5 0 2 0 7 5 3 2 3 2
Alberta 5 8 1 4 4 5 5 1 4 4
British Columbia 15 22 14 13 15 14 16 3 4 11
Yukon 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 3 2 2 2 4 0 1 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 1 12 1 0 0 0 0
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0
Outside Canada 3 7 1 0 1 1 6 2 4 3
Data extracted March 29, 2017
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Table 9. Reportable aircraft incidents 2007-2016
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Incidents by type 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789 833
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 168 172 153 206 120 101 115 94 111 139
Declared emergency 298 314 313 310 275 260 291 313 333 311
Engine failure 129 120 107 87 95 90 83 104 110 110
Smoke/Fire 123 107 97 80 88 71 67 88 87 85
Collision 13 8 9 4 7 5 15 16 8 18
Control difficulties 41 39 24 32 31 33 25 40 29 35
Crew unable to perform duties 65 78 59 50 26 40 58 36 46 66
Dangerous goods-related 3 1 3 1 0 1 3 4 0 2
Depressurization 13 17 6 11 16 15 14 12 16 14
Fuel shortage 8 7 4 9 6 7 2 6 17 15
Failure to remain in landing area 9 18 9 13 11 10 9 20 17 19
Incorrect fuel 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Slung load released 3 5 3 9 1 1 4 5 14 15
Transmission or gearbox failure 1 0 3 1 1 2 0 1 1 3
Incidents by operator type 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789 833
Commercial 823 858 754 780 640 601 653 696 741 785
Airliner (705) 563 590 499 519 448 409 450 428 437 490
Commuter (704) 75 94 88 86 75 78 90 105 82 77
Air taxi (703) 26 36 43 29 29 26 35 81 119 106
Aerial work (702) 20 24 32 28 15 11 12 33 48 43
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 200 186 146 181 114 113 113 85 83 111
State 28 16 22 23 13 20 20 13 15 8
Corporate 43 21 26 18 22 20 20 18 4 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 20 28 21 22 25 19 15 32 61 65
Incidents by aircraft type 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789 833
Aeroplane 854 870 772 788 659 624 670 713 749 795
Helicopter 22 19 21 32 20 17 20 30 47 38
Ultralight/Other aircraft type (c) 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 3 8 7
Number of aircraft involved in incidents* 1031 1052 916 976 780 733 797 828 887 958
Aeroplanes 1009 1033 893 942 760 716 777 795 832 913
Helicopters 22 19 22 32 20 17 20 30 47 38
Ultralight/Other aircraft type (c) 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 3 8 7
Incidents by province/territory 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789 833
Newfoundland and Labrador 19 21 16 30 14 17 29 22 30 31
Prince Edward Island 1 2 2 0 1 0 2 0 1 4
Nova Scotia 26 20 18 25 19 17 11 22 19 17
New Brunswick 17 12 5 10 7 7 7 8 9 9
Quebec 127 127 97 108 126 107 122 89 116 109
Ontario 263 273 195 176 178 155 166 157 152 166
Manitoba 52 59 46 51 31 31 31 51 54 47
Saskatchewan 19 28 18 19 11 18 27 32 21 25
Alberta 80 89 106 84 82 81 103 98 117 110
British Columbia 133 120 162 156 76 101 99 132 154 137
Yukon 4 4 6 4 3 4 5 6 6 5
Northwest Territories 27 27 14 21 30 17 16 25 17 9
Nunavut 14 17 8 21 19 19 10 20 15 15
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 23 10 30 26 25 13 19 19 16 26
Outside Canada 69 78 67 82 55 49 39 58 62 123
Data extracted March 29, 2017
Reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under new reporting requirements aviation incidents include: a) aircraft having a maximum certificated take-off weight greater than 2 250 kg (formerly 5700 kg); b) aircraft being operated under an air operator certificate issued under CARS Part VII.
Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Incidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.
* "Number of aircraft involved in incidents" are aircraft counts, all other data are incident counts.
a. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
b. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
c. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
Table 10. Reportable incidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft 2007-2016
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Incidents by type 691 728 658 664 576 530 579 654 711 737
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 152 149 137 179 106 92 105 84 101 127
Declared emergency 186 234 237 238 224 200 231 277 290 263
Engine failure 108 98 94 67 87 77 70 94 102 102
Smoke/Fire 106 90 84 69 67 59 55 76 79 75
Collision 9 7 7 3 7 4 14 15 7 16
Control difficulties 38 32 18 24 27 31 22 36 28 30
Crew unable to perform duties 63 76 57 49 26 38 56 35 44 65
Dangerous goods-related 3 1 3 1 0 1 3 3 0 2
Depressurization 11 15 3 10 15 13 10 10 14 13
Fuel shortage 4 4 4 6 5 4 2 3 15 11
Failure to remain in landing area 7 16 8 8 10 9 7 17 17 14
Incorrect fuel 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Slung load released 3 5 3 9 1 1 4 4 13 15
Transmission or gearbox failure 1 0 3 1 1 1 0 0 1 3
Incidents by operator type 691 728 658 664 576 530 579 654 711 737
Commercial 660 704 630 640 550 504 552 621 674 705
Airliner (705) 563 585 495 518 445 409 449 426 436 489
Commuter (704) 75 94 88 86 75 78 90 105 82 77
Air taxi (703) 26 36 43 29 29 25 35 81 119 106
Aerial work (702) 17 24 31 28 15 11 12 30 47 43
Other commercial type (a) 40 37 27 41 27 17 13 15 18 32
State 27 15 19 19 13 17 19 11 15 6
Corporate 23 17 18 15 13 15 15 11 2 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 18 26 20 19 21 16 14 28 51 50
Incidents by aircraft type 691 728 658 664 576 530 579 654 711 737
Aeroplane 673 711 640 641 558 519 563 631 672 699
Helicopter 20 19 21 31 20 16 20 27 46 38
Ultralight/Other aircraft type (c) 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 3 8 6
Number of aircraft involved in incidents* 833 873 774 810 670 619 681 730 800 844
Aeroplanes 813 854 751 778 650 603 661 700 746 800
Helicopters 20 19 22 31 20 16 20 27 46 38
Ultralight/Other aircraft type (c) 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 3 8 6
Incidents by province/territory 691 728 658 664 576 530 579 654 711 737
Newfoundland and Labrador 10 13 7 13 10 10 17 13 20 22
Prince Edward Island 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 4
Nova Scotia 17 12 13 19 14 9 9 19 17 12
New Brunswick 12 7 3 8 5 7 4 6 9 9
Quebec 90 96 77 89 104 84 96 81 103 99
Ontario 201 221 168 141 149 127 142 139 141 148
Manitoba 43 49 40 45 30 30 27 45 51 44
Saskatchewan 16 26 16 15 11 14 26 27 19 25
Alberta 68 76 92 74 76 75 93 93 110 103
British Columbia 120 103 141 134 68 87 93 125 137 118
Yukon 4 2 6 3 3 3 3 5 6 5
Northwest Territories 27 27 14 19 30 17 16 25 17 8
Nunavut 9 14 7 17 16 15 10 16 14 15
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 5 3 6 5 5 3 3 2 4 2
Outside Canada 69 78 67 82 55 49 39 58 62 123
Data extracted March 29, 2017
Reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under new reporting requirements aviation incidents include: a) aircraft having a maximum certificated take-off weight greater than 2 250 kg (formerly 5700 kg); b) aircraft being operated under an air operator certificate issued under CARS Part VII.
Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Incidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.
* "Number of aircraft involved in incidents" are aircraft counts, all other data are incident counts.
a. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
b. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
c. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
Table 11. Number of accidents involving aeroplanes by phase of flight and selected event category 2007-2016
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Total
Standing/Taxiing 16 13 20 17 18 17 23 16 19 15 174
Collision with object 6 6 9 6 6 7 8 6 3 4 61
Collision with moving aircraft 2 4 3 1 1 2 1 3 5 4 26
Nosedown/Overturned 0 1 1 4 3 3 5 1 3 2 23
Landing gear collapsed/retracted 1 0 4 2 3 0 2 1 2 1 16
Loss of control 1 0 1 3 0 3 4 1 0 0 13
Other events 10 6 9 8 9 9 11 9 12 12 95
Take-off 51 40 49 54 41 54 40 48 53 47 477
Collision with terrain 10 9 14 15 11 21 11 10 18 13 132
Loss of control 12 7 15 15 12 17 7 18 9 11 123
Collision with object 17 14 16 13 9 17 8 11 18 12 135
Take-off/Landing event 16 5 13 13 13 19 9 11 11 14 124
Power loss 14 14 12 14 11 6 13 16 12 10 122
Other events 37 30 34 35 28 33 26 34 50 30 337
En route 29 34 41 32 31 31 34 23 29 19 303
Power loss 11 18 26 13 14 15 15 14 8 12 146
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 6 14 10 11 13 9 8 7 5 4 87
Collision with terrain 6 5 9 8 8 8 10 5 4 5 68
Component/System related 5 3 4 4 1 2 3 2 3 0 27
Other events 18 14 20 20 18 15 18 14 26 8 171
Manoeuvering 12 12 3 11 12 10 12 4 11 12 99
Collision with terrain 8 3 2 5 6 7 7 1 7 5 51
Loss of control 5 3 1 3 1 4 1 1 2 3 24
Collision with object 2 4 0 7 1 1 2 1 2 3 23
Power loss 0 4 1 1 3 1 0 0 1 2 13
Other events 4 6 1 3 9 2 5 3 4 6 43
Approach 28 29 31 29 23 21 32 28 25 18 264
Collision with terrain 5 8 12 11 7 6 6 7 10 5 77
Power loss 7 8 7 7 2 0 11 6 2 3 53
Collision with object 9 8 3 6 8 1 7 9 7 6 64
Component/System related 6 5 9 2 5 3 3 4 2 0 39
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 1 5 4 5 2 2 7 7 1 1 35
Loss of control 3 5 3 6 3 4 5 1 4 1 35
Other events 14 7 14 10 8 14 10 9 18 11 115
Landing 149 114 121 112 113 111 116 99 118 113 1166
Missed or went off runway 26 17 24 24 27 26 28 14 30 30 246
Collision with object 32 21 23 25 28 26 18 20 29 24 246
Landing gear collapsed/retracted 30 28 18 26 24 22 25 17 27 27 244
Nosedown/Overturned 27 27 21 18 17 20 20 17 27 33 227
Loss of control 25 16 23 20 17 27 19 22 2 3 174
Hard landing 35 16 19 23 22 20 13 14 10 17 189
Collision with terrain 21 19 16 18 16 18 12 21 20 12 173
Wheels-up landing 11 8 12 7 3 7 10 7 10 9 84
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 6 5 11 5 3 9 11 5 12 18 85
Other events 54 38 39 47 49 42 45 28 77 77 496
Post-impact 13 13 13 20 11 18 13 17 37 57 212
Fire/Explosion/Fumes 8 9 8 15 6 7 7 6 13 9 88
Other events 6 5 6 5 5 11 6 13 24 49 130
Data extracted March 30, 2017
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Breakdowns do not add up to totals. For example, in the "Take-off" phase, if an occurrence involves both "Control loss" and "Power loss" events, the occurrence is counted in each event category, but only once in the phase total.
Table 12. Number of accidents involving helicopters by phase of flight and selected event category 2007-2016
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Total
Standing/Taxiing 4 3 3 0 6 4 1 4 2 0 27
Collision with terrain 1 0 1 0 2 1 0 0 1 0 6
Loss of control 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 2 1 0 7
Collision with object 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 7
Other events 2 2 3 0 5 4 1 4 0 0 21
Take-off 7 7 4 2 7 7 7 9 4 6 60
Loss of control 4 4 1 1 4 2 0 5 1 4 26
Collision with terrain 2 3 2 2 3 1 2 1 2 1 19
Collision with object 1 0 1 1 0 4 2 2 1 0 12
Power loss 0 1 1 0 2 0 1 1 0 1 7
Other events 2 4 1 1 1 2 2 4 1 3 21
En route 12 11 11 7 10 9 5 7 4 5 81
Collision with terrain 6 6 3 3 3 3 1 3 1 1 30
Power loss 4 4 5 3 2 3 1 1 1 3 27
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 3 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 8
Component/System related 0 3 1 0 2 0 1 0 1 0 8
Other events 5 10 5 4 7 6 4 5 3 4 53
Manoeuvering 13 9 7 6 10 11 8 4 8 8 84
Collision with terrain 5 4 3 3 6 5 5 2 3 5 41
Loss of control 7 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 28
Collision with object 1 2 1 2 3 3 2 1 1 3 19
Operations related event 4 1 2 1 2 2 1 0 2 5 20
Power loss 2 2 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 13
Other events 7 5 5 1 3 6 2 2 5 5 41
Approach 4 3 5 4 6 7 3 3 3 5 43
Collision with terrain 1 2 3 4 1 1 0 0 0 1 13
Power loss 1 0 1 0 0 2 0 1 1 3 9
Loss of control 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 6
Collision with object 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 1 0 1 5
Other events 2 2 3 3 3 5 3 2 2 4 29
Landing 16 17 15 15 7 13 12 12 18 16 141
Hard landing 5 6 2 4 4 4 1 3 1 0 30
Collision with terrain 1 5 5 4 2 4 0 3 6 0 30
Loss of control 2 6 2 1 1 1 2 4 6 2 27
Collision with object 4 3 5 5 2 2 5 5 1 4 36
Other events 9 4 9 7 2 4 9 5 10 4 63
Post-impact 4 3 4 4 4 2 3 2 5 11 42
Fire/Explosion/Fumes 3 2 3 1 2 1 2 0 1 0 15
Other events 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 2 4 11 27
Data extracted March 30, 2017
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Breakdowns do not add up to totals. For example, in the "Take-off" phase, if an occurrence involves both "Control loss" and "Power loss" events, the occurrence is counted in each event category, but only once in the phase total.